Advances in Environmental Studies

 ISSN: 2642-4231


  Dr. James Harold Clarke
  Vanderbilt University, USA

Advances in Environmental Studies Archives

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Research Article   |   Volume 3 Issue 1

How Droughts Influence Earthquakes

Authors: Diandong Ren and Rong Fu

Abstract: Earthquakes result from strain build-up from without and weakening from within faults. A generic co-seismic condition is presented that includes just three angles representing, respectively, fault geometry, fault strength, and the ratio of fault coupling to lithostatic loading. Correspondingly, gravity fluctuations, bridging effects, and granular material production/distribution form an earthquake triad. As a dynamic constituent of the gravity field, groundwater fluctuation is the nexus between the triad components.


Review Article   |   10.36959/742/218 Volume 3 Issue 1

Biosynthesis, Extraction and Characterization of Extracellular Polymeric Substances (EPSs) from Aspergillus clavatus

Authors: Shimaa S Hussien

Abstract: Six fungal strains were isolated from El-Sella ore material (Fusarium solani, Penicillium purpurogenum, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus clavatus, Cladosporium herbarum and Epicoccum nigrum), and screened for exopolysaccharides (EPSs) production. In this study, the most promising fungus producing exopolysaccharides (EPSs) was A. clavatus which was identified according to microscopic morphological feature.

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Research Article   |   Volume 3 Issue 1

Substance Abuse among Middle Eastern Immigrants and Refugees in Greater Detroit, Michigan, U.S.

Authors: Hikmet J Jamil, MD, PhD, Ayesha Niazy, MD, Mada H Jamil, MD, MPH and Salman Rawaf, MD, PhD

Abstract: Substance usage is a prevailing endemic around the globe. It has a global effect on the economic and social aspects of society, making it crucial to assess risk factors and prevalence. However, a large number of immigrants and refugees who came to the U.S., have come from Middle Eastern countries in conflict with consequent psychiatric disorders like depression and stress.

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Review Article   |   10.36959/742/217 Volume 3 Issue 1

Sustainability and the European Waste Management Industry

Authors: Peter Jones and Daphne Comfort

Abstract: Waste raises a range of environmental problems within Europe and sustainability has become an increasingly important challenge for the waste management industry. The aim of this paper is to offer an exploratory review of the approaches to sustainability within the European waste management industry. The paper begins with brief outlines of waste and the waste management industry in Europe and the growing interest in sustainability reporting.

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Review Article   |   10.36959/742/216 Volume 3 Issue 1

Using Plant Functional Groups as a Strategy for Modeling Carbon Dynamics in Grassland Ecosystems

Authors: Deirdre Rogers, Bailey Setzler and Yi-Wen Chiu

Abstract: Carbon sequestration is paramount to help reduce climate change globally, and grasslands, representing 40% of all terrestrial area, can serve as primary locations of sequestration if optimal management strategies can be realized. Currently, the majority of research occurs in the field, which can take years to find what an optimal carbon sequestration strategy looks like, but modeling ecosystems offers an opportunity of realize long term management strategies for a particular locations.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/742/215 Volume 3 Issue 1

Study on Leaching and Biosorption Processes of some Economic Metals using Escherichia coli from Laterite Ore, Sinia, Egypt

Authors: Shimaa S Hussien, Osman A Desouky and Said E Mohamady

Abstract: The potentiality of Escherichia coli dead biomass for biosorption of rare earth elements (REEs) and uranium (VI) from chloride leach liquor of laterite ore was evaluated. The effects of different acid, different concentration of hydrochloric acid, contact time, solid/liquid phase ratio and temperature on leaching efficiency of laterite ore were investigated. The optimum leaching conditions were 2M acid with a Solid/Liquid ratio of 1/20 at 90 ℃ for 4 h and using an ore grain size of -60 mesh.

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Review Article   |   10.36959/742/214 Volume 3 Issue 1

The EU 2030 Renewable Energy Vision - Can it be more Ambitious?

Authors: Barbara Breitschopf and Jenny Winkler

Abstract: Setting a renewable energy (RE) target necessitates a comprehensive assessment of its impacts on the energy system and at the macroeconomic level in the European Union (EU). The decision of the EU about the renewable energy target is based on such impact assessments. We postulate that the EU could be more ambitious with respect to the RE target without endangering economic growth in the EU. We review fifteen impact assessment studies of the EU's energy transition in this paper.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/742/213 Volume 3 Issue 1

Earth Diseases, Exploding Stars & Sea Ice Footprints - Part One

Authors: William Sokeland

Abstract: The Supernova and Nova Impact Theory, SNIT, has purposed that pandemic diseases occur on Earth due to exploding star debris streams impacting our planet. A number of cases involving this phenomenon have been mentioned in papers by the author on internet. New information concerning the SNIT has become available as new papers were published. The new information is used in these results involving average velocity of debris streams between exploding star remnants and Earth. The locations of sea ice melts at both poles versus month and nova or supernova maximum hotspots have been analyzed for nova WZ Sagittae. Proof of changing WZ Sagittae average Alaskan temperatures verify SNIT model.

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Review Article   |   10.36959/742/212 Volume 3 Issue 1

Business Contributions to Sustainable Development: A Study of Leading US Retailers

Authors: Peter Jones and Daphne Comfort

Abstract: There is an increasing recognition of the role businesses can play in contributing to the transition to a more sustainable future and a growing number of large companies have developed corporate sustainability strategies and policies designed to manage their environmental, social and economic impacts. That said, primary research into how companies are addressing and contributing to sustainable development faces a number of a number of challenges.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/742/211 Volume 2 Issue 2

Analysis of Multiple Factors of Forest Cover Change in a Peri-urban District in Ghana

Authors: Divine O Appiah, Gabriel Eshun and Sparkler B Samar

Abstract: The objective of the paper is to model forest cover change (FCC) from perceived land use and land cover changes in the Bosomtwe district of the Ashanti region, Ghana. Questionnaire and interviews were administered and conducted among 270 proportionately sampled respondents respectively, from 14 communities, on the basis of their respective populations. The quantitative data was analyzed using inferential and descriptive statistical tools in SPSS v.16.

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Review Article   |   10.36959/742/210 Volume 2 Issue 2

Contested Fracking Environments: What's the Stories?

Authors: Peter Jones and Daphne Comfort

Abstract: Within the UK there are several areas, including sizeable parts of north-west, central and eastern England, smaller parts of south and north east England, central Scotland and Northern Ireland, which have the potential to produce shale gas. Shale gas is produced by hydraulically fracturing shales, a process popularly known as fracking, which releases the gas and allows it to flow. This process typically involves drilling a borehole down into the earth and then using a mixture of water and chemicals, pumped at high pressure into the shale, to open up narrow fractures, which in turn creates paths for the gas to flow into the borehole and hence back to the surface.

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Original Article   |   10.36959/742/209 Volume 2 Issue 2

Safe Spaces for Women to be Physically Active in Greater Noida City, India

Authors: Neha J Pagidipati, Prasad Pathak, Shayna M Clancy, Gatha Sharma and Truls Ostbye

Abstract: Women in urban India have low levels of physical activity, and the lack of safe spaces to be physically active is likely an important factor. The objectives were to develop a spatial database of areas and facilities in order to assess conduciveness to physical activity in Greater Noida, to assess the safety and usability of roadways and community parks in this area.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/742/208 Volume 2 Issue 2

Development of New Material Based on Polyvinyl Alcohol/Palm Kernel Shell Powder Biocomposites

Authors: Nur Fazreen Alias, Hanafi Ismail, Mohamad Kahar Ab Wahab, Santiagoo Ragunathan, Hosta Ardhyananta and Sam Sung Ting

Abstract: New biocomposite films from Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/Palm kernel shell powder (PKSP) were prepared by solution casting method. The effect of PKSP addition on the film was studied based on the tensile properties, physical properties and biodegradability. From tensile test, it was found that the tensile properties decreased with the increasing PKSP loading in the composition.

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RESEARCH ARTICLE   |   10.36959/742/207 Volume 2 Issue 2

Assessment of 'Bacterial (Acidic)-Leaching' of Rare Earth Elements from a Phosphate Ore

Authors: S Hussien, P Patra, P Somasundaran and H El Shall

Abstract: Bioleaching methods are environmentally benign and economical options for extraction of rare earth elements (REEs) from low grade REE ores. We conducted shake-flask and column bio-leaching (Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans) studies with a low grade phosphate ore constituting REEs, fluorapatite, and silicates.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/742/206 Volume 2 Issue 2

Genotoxic Evidences of Glyphosate and Chlorpyriphos on Eisenia fetida Coelomocytes

Authors: Silvana Patricia Curieses, Maria Elena Saenz, Jose Luis Alberdi, Santiago Martinez, Marcelo L Larramendy and Walter Di Marzio

Abstract: The widely use of pesticides in modern agricultural enables increased crop yields. However, pesticides residues can contaminate agricultural and adjacent lands and become an ecotoxicological threat to non-target organisms, included humans.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/742/205 Volume 2 Issue 2

Cyto and Genotoxicity of Positive and Negative Coated Silica Nanoparticles on Celomocytes of Earthworms Eisenia fetida (Oligochaeta, Annelida)

Authors: Di Marzio WD, Curieses S, Scodeller P, Alberdi JL and Saenz ME

Abstract: To understand and assess the effects of nanoparticles (NPs) on the environment, should be well established quantitatively the concentration-response relationships. Also relate the potential effects on selected variables of response with the exposure to sub-lethal levels of NPs. In this work, we describe the ecotoxicological evaluation of negative and positive coated silica NPs (Si-Nps) on coelomic cells from Eisenia fetida.

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Editorial Article   |   10.36959/742/204 Volume 2 Issue 1

A Systems Approach to Near Surface Disposal Facility Design

Authors: Joseph H Rustick and James H Clarke

Abstract: A fundamental near-surface disposal challenge is the development and use of a risk-informed and performance-based decision tool that incorporates the impacts of waste, waste form and waste container-specific, facility design-specific and facility location-specific factors into the overall assessment of anticipated facility performance. This decision-making tool must have the ability to assess the influence of each disposal facility component on overall performance for specific wastes and disposal site environments.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/742/203 Volume 2 Issue 1

An Overview of the Effects of Heavy Metals Content in Wastewater on Anammox Bacteria

Authors: Cherh Yih Mak, Jih-Gaw Lin and Mohammed JK Bashir

Abstract: The application of Anammox process in treating nitrogen rich wastewater had been more preferable since the discovery of Anammox process and Anammox bacteria at 1999 due to the advantages of energy saving and cost reduction compared to the conventional nitrification/denitrificationi process. However, often nitrogen-laden wastewater such as metal refinary wastewater, swine, industrial wastewater, and landfill leachate contain various concentrations of heavy metal ions such as Cadmium, Copper, Lead, Mercury, Nickel, Zinc, Silver and Ferrous iron.

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Review Article   |   10.36959/742/202 Volume 2 Issue 1

Revised and Updated Systematic Inventory of Non-Marine Molluscs Occurring in the State of Santa Catarina/SC, Central Southern Brazil Region

Authors: A Ignacio Agudo-Padron

Abstract: Based on the last list of non-marine molluscs from Santa Catarina state, published in 2014, the current inventory of continental molluscs (terrestrial and freshwater) occurring in the State of Santa Catarina/SC is finally consolidated, with a verified/confirmed registry of 232 species and subspecies, sustained product of complete 22 years of systematic field researches,

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Research Article   |   10.36959/742/201 Volume 2 Issue 1

Environmental Art and Environmental Beliefs: The Case of Plastic Bag Pollution in Oceans

Authors: Robert W Turner

Abstract: This paper reports the results of two experiments exploring the impact of exposure to environmental art on environmental beliefs, using images of plastic bag pollution in oceans. Even though the experimental design investigates only the immediate impact of a brief exposure to artistic images, the design controls well for other factors that might influence changes in environmental beliefs.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/742/200 Volume 1 Issue 1

Temporal Variation of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Species Distribution on Total Phytoplankton Biomass in Eutrophic Lakes

Authors: Anusha Balangoda

Abstract: To aid in the eutrophication management, the relationships between total algal biomass in response to varying nitrogen and phosphorus species concentrations, Volatile (VSS), and Total Suspended (TSS) solids in the water column were investigated.

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Review Article   |   10.36959/742/199 Volume 1 Issue 1

Sustainable Development and the Environment: Issues for the Asian Region

Authors: Gamini Herath

Abstract: Sustainable Development (SD) received considerable attention since its inception as an overarching goal of economic and social development by the UN agencies and various other nations. SD emerged in response to a growing interest on the conflicts between economic development and the environment.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/742/198 Volume 1 Issue 1

Landslide Effect on an Oribatid-Mite Community in a Monsoon Forest

Authors: Hao-Chiang Chien, Ping-Chun Lucy Hou, Haggai Wasserstrom and Yosef Steinberger

Abstract: Landslide-caused erosion of soil alters above ground plant cover and primary production, and is a major disturbance in forests and agro ecosystems in Taiwan. Bimonthly litter collections were conducted for one year, with oribatid mites studied at landslide sites and on the undisturbed forest floor.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/742/197 Volume 1 Issue 1

Soil Ozonation for Nematode Disinfestation as an Alternative to Methyl Bromide and Nematicides

Authors: Nahed Msayleb, Ramesh Kanwar, Huaiqing Wu and J (Hans) van Leeuwen

Abstract: Phytoparasitic nematodes are important pests that cause severe crop yield losses. In the past, methyl bromide and other proprietary nematicides have been used as management practices, but these practices are unsustainable and lead to atmospheric pollution and ozone layer destruction.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/742/196 Volume 1 Issue 1

Ozonation Efficacy in the Treatment of Soil-Borne Phytophthora sojae in Cultivating Soybeans

Authors: Nahed Msayleb, Ramesh Kanwar, Huaiqing Wu and J (Hans) van Leeuwen

Abstract: Ozonation was studied for inactivating Phytophthora sojae, a predominant soybean pathogen that causes root and stem rot, and pre-and post-emergence soybean damping-off. Typically, fungicides are used to treat soils to control the damage from P. sojae to soybean production.

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Journal Details
  1. Journal: Advances in Environmental Studies
  2. ISSN: 2642-4231
  3. ISO abbreviation: Advances Environ Stud
  4. Other Title: AES
  5. Pub Type: Open Access