Annals of Public Health Reports

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/522 Volume 5 Issue 2

Vitamin D and its Effects on COVID-19

Authors: Sravya Iyyuni, BS, Michael Imeokparia, MD and Anand Seth, PhD
Vitamin D plays an important role in supporting the immune system. Its expression on vital immune cells like B, T, and antigen-presenting cells has become an important topic of research in response to... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/521 Volume 5 Issue 2

Comparison between the 2020 Coronavirus-19 and the 1665 Great Plague of London

Authors: Eugene Stephane Mananga and Lamisa Rusmeha
We are currently encountering one of the most disruptive pandemics in modern history. The outbreak of COVID-19 was first reported in the Chinese province of Hubei, which has now spread throughout the ... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/856/520 Volume 5 Issue 2

Distribution of Dengue Virus Serotypes in Jazan Region, Southwest Saudi Arabia

Authors: Ommer Dafalla, Abdulaziz Hakami, Elsiddig Noureldin, Siddig Abdelwahab, Yehya Hejri, Tareq Khawaji, Jaber Ghzwani, Omar Mashi, Khalid Shrwani, Tariq Hamzi, Abdullatif Matabi, Abdullah Aghamdi and Zaki Eisa
Nearly half of the world’s population are at risk of dengue fever (DF) which is a serious threat to the majority of international public health. Recently, Dengue viruses (DENVs) considered a re-emer... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/519 Volume 5 Issue 1

Experience and Lessons of Tuberculosis Prevention and Control During COVID-19 Pandemic in Clinic

Authors: Jianqin Liang, Huiru An, Jin Zhou, Zhi Chen, and Wenping Gong
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) are respiratory infectious diseases spread by droplets. It is difficult to distinguish COVID-19 and PTB by their clinical sympt... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/518 Volume 5 Issue 1

Alma Ata Declaration and Malaria Prevention: Ten Years Narrative Review of landmark Achievement on Use of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNS) Among Pregnant Mothers and Children Under Five in Nigeria

Authors: Odoko JO, Nwose EU, Nwajei SD, Agege EA, Moyegbone JE, Akuirene OA and Igumbor EO
Malaria epidemiology in Nigeria is still at a concerning rate. Health promotion is fundamental in primary healthcare (PHC) and one of the components is the prevention of endemic diseases, which includ... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/517 Volume 5 Issue 1

The Four Critical Links of SARS-CoV-2 in Latin America and the Caribbean: Challenges for Health from the South

Authors: Gonzalo Basile
Based on a review of the country experiences and the critical documentary analysis of contents, policies and actions, this paper characterizes the critical links in the response to the public health e... Read more

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Original Article   |   10.36959/856/516 Volume 5 Issue 1

Two Week Rule Compliance: Assessing General Practice Use of the ‘Two Week Rule’ Referral Pathway for the Suspicion of Colorectal Cancer

Authors: Khurram Shahzad Khan, Alexander Grayston, Simon Denley, James Saldanha and Arijit Mukherjee
The ‘Two-Week-Rule’ (TWR) for referring patients with a suspicion of colorectal cancer (CRC) was implemented in 2000 to improve CRC survival rates. Guidelines exist to assist general practitioners... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/515 Volume 5 Issue 1

Public Health Perspectives as the COVID-19 Vaccines Enter Production and Distribution Phases

Authors: Rabiu Momoh and Mohammed Rahman
If the vaccines achieve the desired effect of protecting vulnerable and frontline workers, and maybe the general world population from this infection, then a lot would stand to be gained in returning ... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/856/514 Volume 5 Issue 1

Homeopathic Intervention in Health Workers with COVID-19: Case Study

Authors: Leila Verônica da Costa Albuquerque, Sued Magalhães Moita, Fernanda Ingrid Oliveira Ramos, Laura Pinho Schwermann and Gislei Frota Aragão
The article brings two cases, both of health workers subject to multiple psychological stresses during the pandemic, diagnosed with COVID-19 and submitted to homeopathic therapy in the context of unce... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/513 Volume 5 Issue 1

Absence of Evidence or Evidence of Absence - A Review of the Evidence for Hydroxychloroquine as a Potential Candidate for Prophylaxis against COVID-19

Authors: Cara Usher, Lea Trela-Larsen, Emer Fogarty, Aisling O'Leary, Stephen Capper, Ellen P. O'Sullivan, Caitriona NiChoitir, Cathal Walsh, Michael Barry and Roisin Adams
Clinical trials are investigating several agents as potential options for pre-exposure prophylaxis and post-exposure prophylaxis to prevent infection with COVID-19. A particular focus has been high ri... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/856/512 Volume 5 Issue 1

Screening of Chronic Kidney Disease in Primary Health: Comparison of the Urine Dipstick Albumin-to-Creatinine Ratio and Dipstick Proteinuria

Authors: Eun-Hee Nah, MD, Seon Cho, MS, Suyoung Kim, MS and Han-Ik Cho, MD
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) needs to be detected early in order to prevent a poor outcome in the general population. A semiquantitative evaluation based on a dipstick has become available to detect t... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/511 Volume 5 Issue 1

Changing New Normal Lifestyle in COVID-19 Pandemic: Sabah, Malaysia

Authors: Mei Ching Lim, Syed Sharizman Bin Syed Abdul Rahim, Mohammad Saffree Jeffree, Nelbon Bin Giloi and Naing Oo Tha
The second wave of the Covid-19 infection in Malaysia during the 2nd week of March which was due to a mass religious gathering involving over 10,000 people from South East Asian countries i... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/510 Volume 5 Issue 1

Emerging Infectious Diseases at the Clinic-Clinical Lab-Research Lab Interface

Authors: Nicole Anastasio, Evangeline Green, Samuel Pettit and Meghan May
Emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases have been a constant companion of medicine since its onset. In this commentary, we will discuss the multiple manifestations of disease emergence, mechanism... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/856/509 Volume 4 Issue 1

Sensitivity of Nasal and Oropharyngeal Swabs in Diagnosing COVID-19 in Hospitalised Patients

Authors: Khurram Shahzad Khan, Morag McLellan, Giuliana Torpiano, ShouKee Ng and Sajid Mahmud
To evaluate the sensitivity of nasal and oropharyngeal swabs in diagnosing COVID-19 in hospitalised patients and comparing patient factors and admission investigations to the swab result.... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/508 Volume 4 Issue 1

Does Nature Have a Systematic Sex Bias: Prevalence, Mortality, and Trend of COVID-19

Authors: Niharika Srivastava, Arinjita Bhattacharyya, Anand Seth, Shesh N Rai
The unprecedented outbreak of a contagious respiratory disease similar to pneumonia caused by a novel coronavirus termed as COVID-19 has led to a pandemic claiming millions of lives worldwide. Potenti... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/507 Volume 4 Issue 1

Mass Media and Public Interest in COVID-19: An Investigation of Anosmia Related Search Queries in the United States

Authors: Humzah A Quereshy, Tarun K Jella, MPH, Jeremy S Ruthberg, Armine Kocharyan, MD, Claudia Cabrera Aviles, MD, Todd D Otteson, MD, MPH and Brian D'Anza
Coronavirus-Disease-2019 (COVID-19) can be heralded by anosmia as a major symptom in up to 60% of patients. In this study, we sought to describe the temporal and geospatial distribution of anosmia in ... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/506 Volume 4 Issue 1

Can Age Adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index Predict Prognosis in Hospitalised COVID-19 patients?

Authors: Khurram Shahzad Khan, Hisham El-Zanati, and Sajid Mahmud
Age adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) has previously shown to predict outcome in wide range of diseases. We aim to assess if ACCI can predict 30-day all-cause mortality and need for critical ... Read more

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Current Opinion   |   10.36959/856/505 Volume 4 Issue 1

The New 2020 European Society of Cardiology Guidelines for the Management of Adults with Congenital Heart Disease: A Perspective of the Interamerican Adult Congenital Heart Disease Council of the Interamerican Society of Cardiology (ACHDC-IASC)

Authors: John Jairo Araujo MD
Recently, the new European Society of Cardiology guidelines for the management of adult congenital heart disease were published. Due to the coronavirus pandemic, on this occasion, they were presented ... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/504 Volume 4 Issue 1

Analysis of Online Media Consumption during Initial Months of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Authors: Tarun K Jella, MPH, Nicole Ducich BS, Taral K Jella, Mamta Singh, MD, MS, Johnie Rose, MD, PhD, Heidi Gullett, MD, MPH and Kurt Stange, MD, PhD
As the COVID-19 cases continue to rise, individuals are seeking out online information regarding the pandemic at unprecedented rates. In volumes never seen before, and from various sources currently u... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/503 Volume 4 Issue 1

Effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic on “The Big Three”: Hiv, Tuberculosis, and Malaria

Authors: Meghan May, Ph.D
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2 (SARSCoV- 2) emerged in Wuhan, China, and was quickly isolated following cases of viral acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Understanding of th... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/502 Volume 4 Issue 1

Antibiofilm Activity of Natural Products: Promising Strategies for Combating Microbial Biofilms

Authors: Nagela Bernadelli Sousa Silva, Lara de Andrade Marques2 and Denise von Dolinger de Brito Röder
Microbial biofilm is defined as an association of bacterial and fungal cells, fixed to surfaces, biotic or abiotic, included in a complex extracellular matrix of polymeric substances (EPS). It is esti... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/856/501 Volume 4 Issue 1

Sepsis Produces Microthrombosis and Not Coagulation: Implications for Sepsis Therapy

Authors: H Bradford Hawley, MD
The hemostatic abnormalities which may accompany sepsis have been attributed to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) initiated by tissue factor (TF) activating FVII leading to TF-FVII a comple... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/856/500 Volume 4 Issue 1

Posterior Reversible Leukpoencephaopthy Syndrome Associated with SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies

Authors: Adnan I Qureshi, MD, Navpreet K Bains, DO, MBA, Ross Smith, MD, Farhan Siddiq, MD, Brandi R French, MD, Camilo R Gomez, MD and Joseph P Cousins, Ph.D, MD
A 60-year-old caucasian woman was transferred from an outside hospital with one week history of severe headache, intermittent nausea, vomiting, and a one day history of episodes of dizziness, ataxia, ... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/499 Volume 4 Issue 1

Coronavirus Syndrome: COVID-19 World Psychotrauma

Authors: Nadezhda V Solov'eva, Ekaterina V Makarova and Irina V Kichuk
Coronavirus syndrome is a mental disorder that is a response to the COVID-19 pandemic, which will affect up to 10% of the population. We can already observe acute stress reactions to the spread of the... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/498 Volume 4 Issue 1

Younger Age Groups and the Next COVID-19 Wave

Authors: Alamin Alkundi and Rabiu Momoh
As lockdown measures to control the COVID-19 virus are being eased in a lot of countries, (including the United Kingdom), the potential of a second wave of this infection spread remains a possibility ... Read more

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Short Review   |   10.36959/856/497 Volume 4 Issue 1

The Correlation between RAS and COVID-19, Short Review of the Latest Evidence

Authors: Antonio Vitiello, Priscilla Santilli and Francesco Ferrara
Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is responsible for the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cause of the recent global pandemic, which is causing thousands of deaths worldwide and represents a health challenge with ... Read more

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Letter to Editor   |   10.36959/856/496 Volume 4 Issue 1

Subnormal Clusters in the Context of the Current COVID-19 Outbreak: Challenges for Brazilian Public Health

Authors: Samuel Cota Teixeira
The recent Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has rapidly become a worldwide public health concern. On February 3... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/495 Volume 4 Issue 1

COVID-19: Delayed Public Health Response Versus Great Need

Authors: Prof. Jens Holst
No doubt, the COVID-19 crisis is offering particular opportunities and challenges for Public Health. In the beginning, the management of the pandemic was determined by virologists, supported by epidem... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/856/494 Volume 4 Issue 1

The Greatest Risk to Malaysian Healthcare Workers during COVID-19 Crisis: Lies of Patients

Authors: Shereen Allaham, PharmD, MPH, Omar Zakieh, Medical Student, Faizul Nizam Abu Salim, MBChB, MSc IHSHM, HMS-SEAL, Abigail AL Choong, MBChB, MRCPCH and Logan Manikam, MBcHB, FFPH, PhD
In Malaysia, the first case of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was reported on 25 January 2020. Reported cases remained relatively low until a surge of cases emerged in March 2020, most of the... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/856/493 Volume 4 Issue 1

Characteristics of Critically Ill Patients with Covid-19: A Cohort Study in Medical Intensive Care Unit (Mulhouse, France)

Authors: POINTURIER Valentin, MD, VIROT Edouard, MD, DEGOUL Samuel, MD, MATHIEN Cyrille, MD, POIDEVIN Antoine, MD, PINTO Luis, MD, LABRO Guylaine, MD, RABOUEL Yannick, MD, BODUR Gokhan, MD, JANDEAUX Louise Marie, MD, LESTHIEVENT Thomas, MOOTIEN Joy, MD and KUTEIFAN Khaldoun, MD
The outbreak of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 began in the east of France during the first days of March after a religious meeting gathering about 2000 people, which took place in Mulhouse from Feb... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/856/492 Volume 4 Issue 1

Reverse Innovation: Could Learning From LMIC Child Health Programmes Support HIC to Equitably and Efficiently Address Child Health Needs Post COVID-19?

Authors: Monica Lakhanpaul, Diana Margot Rosenthal, Maya Lakhanpaul, Jennifer Martin, Michelle Heys and Priti Parikh
It has been recognised that the first 1000 days (now extended to age 5) of a child's life are fundamental for growth and brain development. Furthermore, it is considered a critical time across the lif... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/856/491 Volume 4 Issue 1

Lest we Forget: Rheumatic Fever is Still Damaging Hearts

Authors: GC Ukala, FRCP Edin and Sonia P Reid-Ukala, BSc, MBBS
Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) is still a burden in many developing countries and indigenous communities within developed countries. A simple sore throat caused by the Group A β-hemolytic Streptococcu... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/856/490 Volume 3 Issue 1

Primary Sjogren's Syndrome and the Therapeutic Response to Rituximab: Case Report

Authors: Jenifer Lorandi and Rodrigo Binkowski de Andrade
The Sjogren's syndrome (SS) is a multisystemic, progressive and chronic autoimmune disease that affects primarily the exocrine glands and is characterized by the sicca syndrome. It can be a primary a... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/489 Volume 3 Issue 1

Disparities in Genetic Referrals for Breast Cancer among the Asian Immigrant Populations: How Can We Eliminate Them?

Authors: Sailaja Kamaraju, MD, MS, Amanda Jacquart, MS, CGC, Samantha Stachowiak, MS, CGC, Jennifer Geurts, MS, CGC, Morgan Depas, MS, CGC, Jessica Olson, PhD, MPH, Lubna Chaudhary, MD, MS, Christopher Chitambar, MD, Joan Neuner, MD, MPH and Yee Chung Cheng, MD
Despite major advances in genetic testing for breast cancer, access to genetic counseling and testing are significantly lower among immigrant and refugee populations. Both patient related barriers and... Read more

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Original Article   |   10.36959/856/488 Volume 3 Issue 1

The Prevalence Rate of Cigarette Smoking among Congestive Heart Failure Patients at a Local Family Health Center

Authors: Salome Kapella-Mshigeni, Eunice Kimunai and Chad L Cross
The prevalence rate of smoking is well documented in the general population, but little is known among patients with Congestive Heart Failure (CHF). The mortality rate of CHF in San Bernardino county ... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/856/487 Volume 2 Issue 1

Congenital Heart Disease: Global Burden and Challenges to Eliminate Health Disparities

Authors: Irina Alina Cucu and Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc
Congenital heart disease ranks first among mortality causes by birth defects in children under 5-years-old. In 2016, The World Health Organization informed that 9,274,915 children died due to heart an... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/856/486 Volume 2 Issue 1

The Epidemiology of Systemic Sarcoidosis in Eastern Hertfordshire, UK

Authors: Desmond P Kidd
Sarcoidosis is an uncommon multi-system disease characterised by the development of granulomatous inflammation within affected tissues. The purpose of this study was first to redefine the incidence of... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/856/485 Volume 1 Issue 1

Heralding the Pariahs: What the Narratives of Vaccine Hesitant Parents Can Teach Us about the Backfire Effect and Physician-Patient Relationships

Authors: Bradley Steven Olsen Thornock
Recent research has shown that pro-vaccine education can create a backfire effect, times in which vaccine hesitant parents report to believe in the presented scientific facts but are now less inclined... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/856/484 Volume 1 Issue 1

Obesity and Kidney Disease: Hidden Consequences of the Epidemic

Authors: Csaba P Kovesdy, Susan L Furth and Carmine Zoccali
Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence has been projected to grow by 40% in the next decade. This increasing prevalence has implications for the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular d... Read more

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Editorial   |   10.36959/856/483 Volume 1 Issue 1

Magic Signature - The Profile of China's Current Doctor-Patient Relationship

Authors: Shu-Yang Dai, Jian-Hong Zhong, Jun Han1, Hao Xing, Han Zhang, Lei Liang, Meng-Chao Wu and Tian Yang
Earlier this year, a piece of message from WeChat had been widely spread across China, pushing the intense doctor-patient relationship into the spotlight once again. This time, what we are encounterin... Read more

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Editorial   |   10.36959/856/482 Volume 1 Issue 1

It's Time to Build up Security Measures in Chinese Hospitals

Authors: Hao Xing, Jun Han, Han Zhang, Shu-Yang Dai, Lei Liang, Meng-Chao Wu and Tian Yang
Once again, violence against Chinese doctor event happened on October 3rd was a heavy blow to all the medical staffs. A 34-year-old pediatrician was hacked to death by the father of a newborn that die... Read more

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