Annals of Gynecology and Obstetrics

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Annals of Gynecology and Obstetrics Archives

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Short Communication   |   10.36959/468/489 Volume 7 Issue 1

Why Choose Jaydess® Anymore?

Authors: Holly Mead, Sian Pearson and Nadi Gupta
There are currently five types of levonorgestrel intrauterine devices (LNG-IUD) available in the UK; Benilexa® (52mg LNG), Jaydess® (13.5mg LNG), Kyleena® (19.5mg LNG), Levosert® (52mg LNG) and Mi... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/468/488 Volume 6 Issue 1

Case Report: A Rare Presentation of Imperforate Hymen

Authors: Kwaku Gyimah Amoah Gyarteng and Jane Acquaye
Imperforate hymen is relatively rare, but it is the most common obstructive abnormality of the female lower genital tract. The clinical presentation varies considerably from patient to patient dependi... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/468/487 Volume 6 Issue 1

Does CA-125 Have a Role in Early Diagnosis of Ovarian Malignancy in Non-Menopausal Women?

Authors: Momen Z El Nadeim, Bahgat KY Ahmed, Hanan H Mowad, Nesreen AA Shehata and Sara A Salem
Aim of this study is to assess the role of cancer antigen (CA-125) in detection of ovarian malignancy in premenopausal women with ovarian mass. This observational study was carried out in (blinded). I... Read more

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Original Article   |   10.36959/468/486 Volume 6 Issue 1

The Effect of Doppler Ultrasonography on Pregnancy Outcomes in Fetal Cardiac Activity Evaluations

Authors: Aysun Tekeli Taşkömür and Özlem Erten
Doppler ultrasound is widely used in obstetrics. However, the biological effects of high energy from Doppler ultrasonography have not been clearly revealed. Animal studies have shown negative effects ... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/468/485 Volume 6 Issue 1

Perinatal Outcome and Factors Associated with Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy in Yaoundé- Cameroon: A Retrospective Case-Control Study

Authors: Fouedjio JH, Mbongo JA, Ngoune-Tegofack DS, Ebong C, Dohbit JS, Fouelifack YF, Nguefack-Tsague G, Mekdes-Daba and Mbu RE
Hypertension is the most common medical problem encountered during pregnancy complicating 10% of pregnancies. It is the third leading cause of maternal mortality and the first leading cause of perinat... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/468/484 Volume 6 Issue 1

Hepatorrhexis with Bleeding and Shock Twice of Choriocarcinoma: A Case Report

Authors: Yiwei Zhang, Jian Wang and Yicun Pang
Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) derives from the abnormal proliferation of placental trophoblastic cells and it has various of clinical manifestations. However, some patients have had the me... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/468/483 Volume 6 Issue 1

Spontaneous Unilateral Triplet Interstitial Ectopic Gestation: A Case Report

Authors: Peter Chibuzor Oriji, MBBS, FWACS, Enefia Kelvin Kiridi, MBBS, FWACS, Omuku Samuel Nonju, MBBS, MWACS, Peter Osatohanmwen Eghaghe, MBBS, MWACS and Ikpodaupade Remigius Kofa, MBBS, MWACS
Unilateral multiple ectopic gestations are very rare, and usually associated with in vitro fertilization as has been reported in studies. Unilateral twin ectopic gestation occurs in about 1 in 200 ect... Read more

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Original Article   |   10.36959/468/482 Volume 5 Issue 1

Effect of Preemptive Episiotomy in Prevention of Perineal Tears in Multiparous Women with High Striae Gravidarum Score: A Randomized Controlled Study

Authors: Ahmed M Abbas, Fatma M Kamel and Safwat A Salman
A randomized controlled study (Clinical Trials.Gov: NCT02717676) included multiparous women with singleton full-term pregnancy. SG score was assessed according to Atwal score at four body sites (Abdom... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/468/481 Volume 5 Issue 1

COVID-19 with Pregnancy: Obstetricians should be Alert for Postpartum Exacerbation

Authors: Ahmed M Abbas, Shimaa Salah Ali, Alya O Mohamed, Alaa Rashad Ali, AlBatool M AlMahdy, Asmaa AboBakr and Shorouk M Adel
Physiological changes in pregnancy make them more susceptible to infection. SARS-CoV-2 infection ranges in severity from common cold to acute respiratory distress syndrome. With the incredible increas... Read more

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Original Article   |   10.36959/468/480 Volume 5 Issue 1

Prevalence of Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy and its Associated Factors at Three Teaching Hospitals in Ethiopia

Authors: Abraham Fessehaye, MD and Desalegn Degafu Abate, MD
Nausea and vomiting are common symptoms during early pregnancy affecting as many as 50-80% of pregnant women. Persistent low food intake and/or frequent vomiting can lead to dehydration, metabolic imb... Read more

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Original Article   |   10.36959/468/479 Volume 5 Issue 1

Letrozole versus Gonadotropins for Ovulation Induction in Clomiphene Citrate Resistance: A Randomized Controlled Study

Authors: Ayman S Dawood, Abdelghaffar S Dawood and Hesham M Borg
Clomiphene citrate resistance (CCR) occur in 15 - 40% in women with PCOS. Several studies have shown that letrozole is superior to CC regarding side effects, ovulation, and pregnancy rates. Letrozole ... Read more

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Original Article   |   10.36959/468/478 Volume 5 Issue 1

Artificial Intelligence Publication Trends in Reproductive Cancers - Who is being Left Behind?

Authors: Joshua E Chan, Cheng-I Liao, Amandeep Man, Daniel S Kapp and David Pierce Mysona
Artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms have been developed to make real-time analyses and decisions that simulate human thinking, with tremendous applications in healthcare. By uniting patient data a... Read more

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Original Article   |   10.36959/468/477 Volume 5 Issue 1

Can We Safely Stop Administering Anti-D Immune Globulin to First Trimester Rh-Negative Mothers Undergoing Abortion? A Systematic Review and Meta- Analysis

Authors: Lemi Belay Tolu, Tesfaye H Tufa, Ferid A Abubeker, Mekdes Daba and Sarah Prager
Fetal red blood cells can express the D-antigen as early as 52 days after the last menstrual period. However, there is no convincing evidence for the benefit of using anti-D immune globulin (RhIG) in ... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/468/476 Volume 5 Issue 1

Guidelines and Best Practice Recommendations on Obstetric Care of Pregnant Patients with COVID-19 Infection: Scoping Review

Authors: Wondimu Gudu Jeldu, MD, MPH, Lemi Belay Tolu, MD and Abdulfetah Abdulkadir, MD
The Management of pregnant women with COVID-19 infection is usually based on limited evidence from care reports and expert opinions. The aim of this scoping review is to identify available guidelines ... Read more

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Retrospective Study   |   10.36959/468/475 Volume 5 Issue 1

A Quality Improvement Initiative to Decrease Maternal Morbidity in Placenta Accreta Spectrum with a Standardized Approach: A Single Institution Experience

Authors: Ivy L Lersten, Christina E Rodriguez, Jamie R Gilroy, Dina M Fink and Saketh R Guntupalli
Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) is a rare, though increasing complication of pregnancy. Prior studies have suggested standardized management to PAS at tertiary centers can improve outcomes. We studied... Read more

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Original Research   |   10.36959/468/474 Volume 4 Issue 1

The Effect of Progestogen-Only Contraceptive Methods on Female Sexual Function in First-Time Users: A Cross- Sectional Study

Authors: Mohammed K Ali, Ali Shouman, Mohammed Khalaf, Ahmed M Abbas and Ahmed Makhlouf
A cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2017 and February 2019 at the contraception clinic of a tertiary care hospital. Sexually active women aged between 20 and 40 years who have used POCs ... Read more

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Original Research   |   10.36959/468/473 Volume 4 Issue 1

Laparoscopic Repair of Utero-Peritoneal Fistula; A Fertility Preserving Approach with Subsequent Live Birth

Authors: Benjamin P Jones, Abirami Rajamanoharan, Geoffrey Trew and Alan Farthing
A 40-year-old woman presented with secondary infertility after surgical management of miscarriage. A hysterosalpingogram (HSG) and magnetic resonance imaging identified a large Caesarean scar defect w... Read more

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Original Research   |   10.36959/468/472 Volume 4 Issue 1

Advances in Diagnostic Approaches of SARS-Cov-2 Virus

Authors: Ramakrishnan V, Vaishak K and Barath R
COVID-19 is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, first identified as viral pneumonia, and later became a worldwide pandemic situation in December 2019. At present, there are 32,968,853 confirmed cases all ... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/468/471 Volume 4 Issue 1

Mifepristone-Misoprostol for Second Trimester Termination of Pregnancy: Experience at a Teaching Hospital

Authors: Wondimu Gudu, MD, MPH, Okbahanis Kahsay, MD and Balkachew Nigatu, MD
A cross-sectional study was conducted was conducted using a structured questionnaire to collect data clinical profile of patients, the total dose of misoprostol used, the timing of expulsion and compl... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/468/470 Volume 4 Issue 1

Recurrent Miscarriage in the Context of COVID-19 Pandemic: Is There An Association?

Authors: Omnia El-Badawy, Asmaa S Shaltout and Ahmed M Abbas
Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is considered a worldwide pandemic. COVID-19 patients had profound immune dysregulation, so they could be susceptible for adverse pregnancy outcomes as preeclampsi... Read more

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Original Article   |   10.36959/468/469 Volume 4 Issue 1

Cesarean Skin Scar Characteristics For Preoperative Prediction of Intra-Abdominal Adhesions At Repeat Cesarean Delivery; a Prospective Cohort Study

Authors: Mohammed Khalaf, Fatma Abdel-Reheem, Ihab El-Nashar, Ahmed M Abbas* and Mansour A Khalifa
The current study was a prospective cohort study carried out in a tertiary Maternity hospital. Three hundred women with prior CD and scheduled for elective repeat CD were included. Preoperative evalua... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/468/468 Volume 4 Issue 1

GSM - Why Should We Care?

Authors: Kelly Jo Peters
It is estimated that nearly 60% of women in menopause experience a condition called genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) but the majority of these women do not bring up this concern with their he... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/468/467 Volume 4 Issue 1

Maternal History and First Trimester Biochemical and Biophysical Markers in the Prediction of Spontaneous Preterm Delivery in Singleton Pregnancies

Authors: Ewelina Litwinska, Magdalena Litwinska, Waldemar Litwinski and Piotr Kaczmarek
Preterm delivery (PTD) is a major cause of perinatal mortality and delayed psychomotor development in children. The application of new biochemical and biophysical markers can improve the accuracy of t... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/468/466 Volume 3 Issue 1

Prognostic Value of Tumour-Infiltrating Lymphocytes Changes between Pre and Post-Neoadjuvant Treatment and in Residual Disease in Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Authors: Herrero-Vicent C, Calatrava A, Ramirez M, Gavila J, Guerrero A, Hernandez-Serra A, Lopez-Guerrero JA, Guillem-Porta V and Ruiz-Simon A
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a heterogeneous disease with different biological behaviours and aggressiveness. Cancer immune edition has been revealed as a major hallmark in cancer. In patie... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/468/465 Volume 3 Issue 1

Three-Dimensional Ultrasound Assists in Accurately Characterizing Cervical Ectopic Gestation: A Case Report

Authors: June Ng, MD, Shelley Dolitsky, MD, Mark V Sauer, MD and Meike Schuster, DO
Cervical ectopic pregnancy (CEP) is rare, and occurs when the blastocyst implants into the endocervical canal. They are particularly dangerous because they are difficult to diagnose, and typically pre... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/468/464 Volume 3 Issue 1

Reproductive Implications of Consanguinity: Recurrent Hydrops and a Fetal Diagnosis of Lethal Gaucher Disease

Authors: Jenani S Jayakumaran, MD, MHS, Shama Khan, MPH, MS, LGC, Elena Ashkinadze LGC and Meike Schuster, DO
Consanguinity is defined as a relationship with one recent ancestor in common. While this is uncommon in western countries, over one seventh of the world's population is estimated to live in countries... Read more

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Case Study   |   10.36959/468/463 Volume 3 Issue 1

Gene Deletions due to Ring Chromosome 16 are Associated with Low Reproductive Potential, a Novel Observation

Authors: Tal Lazer and Shevach Friedler
Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) is characterized by decreased number of oocytes associated with poor ovarian response (POR) to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). Presently, few specific known... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/468/462 Volume 3 Issue 1

The Elusive Magical Solution: The Relationship between Vitamin D and Fibroids

Authors: Mohamed Mansi, Nader Sedik, Mahmoud El-Hadidy and Sara Mohamed
Uterine fibroids are benign tumors of the smooth muscles of the uterus that are the most common indication of hysterectomy in the America with over $34.4 billion annual cost. Risk factors include age,... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/468/461 Volume 2 Issue 1

Twin Pregnancy with a Complete Hydatidiform Mole and a Coexisting Normal Fetus

Authors: Fatnassi MR, Ghedas S, Marouen N and Mtibaa A
Twins pregnancies associating both complete hydatidiform mole and normal pregnancies represent an exceptional obstetrical situation. It is a high risk gestation either for the mother or for the normal... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/468/460 Volume 2 Issue 1

Postoperative Surgicel Mimicking Pelvic Abscess Causing Mechanical Bowel Obstruction following Abdominal Hysterectomy

Authors: Mariam Mathew, Jai kumari, Asma Fauzi and Rashid Al Sukaiti
Oxidized regenerated cellulose (Surgicel), a sterile knitted fabric that causes thrombus formation due to its physical properties, is frequently used for intraoperative hemostasis. Surgicel is bioabso... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/468/459 Volume 1 Issue 1

Two Clinical Cases and Some General Aspects of Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome

Authors: Delgado Sanchez E , Lopez Carrasco A, Sanchez Pastor M, Santisteban Padro J, Hernandez and Gutierrez A
The complete androgen insensitivity syndrome, formerly called testicular feminization syndrome, is a rare genetic disease in which an individual with a male XY karyotype expresses a female phenotype.... Read more

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Short Review   |   10.36959/468/458 Volume 1 Issue 1

Obstetrics at Crossroads Regarding Interpretation of Fetal Heart Rate Decelerations - Scientific Principles and Lessons from Memetics

Authors: Shashikant L Sholapurkar
The survival of cardiotocography (CTG) as a tool for intrapartum fetal monitoring seems threatened (somewhat unjustifiably and unwittingly) despite the absence of better alternatives. Fetal Heart Rate... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/468/457 Volume 1 Issue 1

Risk Comprehension at a Minority-Majority Urban Academic Institution

Authors: Noor Joudi, Kelly McCarter and Jose A Carugno
There is a growing shift toward the promotion of shared decision making in clinical practice. Currently, medical risk is often communicated to patients in the form of percentages, although there is no... Read more

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LETTER   |   10.36959/468/456 Volume 1 Issue 1

Incidence of Pregnancy-Associated Hypertension and Preeclampsia in a Cohort of Kenyan Women

Authors: Megumi Itoh, Florence Were, Mary Owidhi, Julie Gutman, Meghna Desai and Simon Kariuki
Pregnancy-associated hypertension (PAH) and preeclampsia are leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, associated with future development of cardiovascular and metabolic diseas... Read more

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CASE REPORT   |   10.36959/468/455 Volume 1 Issue 1

Image of a Peri-Clitoral Abscess, Presenting with Minimal Swelling and Distortion

Authors: Michael H Dahan and Seang Lin Tan
Periclitoral abscesses are rare with less than 20 reported in the medical literature. Images without severely distorted clitorii are lacking in the literature, which led to multiple misdiagnosis in th... Read more

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