Insights of Anthropology

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Review Article   |   10.36959/763/506 Volume 4 Issue 1

In Defense of Materialism: The Haitian Zonbi Vs. the Philosophical Zombie

Authors: Paul C Mocombe

Abstract: This work contrasts the concept of the philosophical zombie, p-zombie, with its conception as found in Haitian ontology, zonbi, to understand the material nature of consciousness constitution in the multiverse. Whereas the former is utilized to substantiate the mind-body dualism; the latter as I see it negates the dualism to offer a complete materialist understanding of consciousness constitution, which eliminates the mind-body dualism.


Review Article   |   10.36959/763/505 Volume 4 Issue 1

Linguistic and Religious Continuity and Change among the Lelna of Northwestern Nigeria

Authors: Theodore Randall

Abstract: The factors shaping the contemporary linguistic and religious expression of the Lelna of Nigeria are discussed. Qualitative research reveals the increasing influence of the Hausa language, the increasing population of the Lelna ethnic group, the current establishment and function of the national administrative/state boundaries of Nigeria, and the promotion of multiculturalism and multilingualism on contemporary Lelna linguistic expression. Extensive Islamic contact via the Hausa since the early nineteenth century and Christian missionizing efforts since the early twentieth century constitute the major factors shaping contemporary Lelna religious expression.


Review Article   |   10.36959/763/504 Volume 4 Issue 1

War or Religion in Different Cultural Contexts: Discerning War, Violence, Empires or Proselytizing & Religious Cults from Archaeology and Literature

Authors: Niccolo Caldararo

Abstract: What is more important in the spread of civilization, military action or religious ideology? Trade and exchange are also significant and some historians like Braudel, have linked trading and raiding together and considered their effects. Here I compare the historical and archaeological evidence concerning the role of religion and war in civilization and how that evidence has been interpreted. Narratives that emphasize war have been given greater weight, but the spread of ideologies appears to have as quick results but perhaps had more enduring effects.


Review Article   |   10.36959/763/503 Volume 3 Issue 2

Niche Construction as a Theoretical Tool in the Ethnographic Analysis from a Naturalistic Perspective

Authors: Crivos Marta A, Lamas Susana Gisela and Dressino Vicente

Abstract: In this work, we intend to move discussion forward on the heuristic role of the concept of niche construction for the review of the human/environment dichotomy by considering the interaction between biotic and abiotic components in specific environments. We will examine an ethnographic case study which explores the perception of the landscape and its use by different human groups (Mbya-Guarani and descendants of European colonos) that inhabit a territory with


Review Article   |   10.36959/763/502 Volume 3 Issue 2

The Menstrual Cycle Phases Are Like 'Body Seasons'

Authors: Rene Ecochard, Marie Garmier-Billard and Jean Iwaz

Abstract: Since the seventies, only the reproductive function of the female cycle has been valued. It then became common practice to manipulate the female cycle with the pill to avoid conception or try to suppress the discomfort associated with hormonal changes. Hormones used in contraceptives such as the pill or implants do not replace the natural hormones whose secretion they inhibit. More recently, suppressing the cycle has been proposed


Research Article   |   10.36959/763/501 Volume 3 Issue 2

The Perception of Patients on the Service Quality Offered by Healthcare Professionals at Two Major Public Hospitals in South East Regional Health Authority (Serha), Jamaica

Authors: Jacqueline C Ellis, Paul Andrew Bourne, James Fallah, Nicola Brown, Cynthia Francis and Calvin Campbell

Abstract: Globally, the new direction of many hospitals is to use the views of patients as a part of the feedback process in order to meet the expected service of users. The aim of the study is to examine patients' perception of quality of service performed by healthcare professionals at the Kingston Public and the Victoria Jubilee Hospitals in Jamaica. A cross sectional survey was conducted of 357 randomly selected patients who were admitted to a ward and subsequently discharged for home between January and April, 2018.


Review Article   |   10.36959/763/500 Volume 3 Issue 1

Primate Cognition and the Origins of Human Culture

Authors: Simon Dein

Abstract: The concept of culture is central to cross cultural psychology. This paper examines the evolutionary roots of human culture through examining the similarities and differences between human and non-human primates. After discussion of the meaning of the term culture, I present evidence that it is to be found in non-human primates with a focus upon chimpanzees.


Review Article   |   10.36959/763/499 Volume 3 Issue 1

An Empirical Assessment of Soft and Hard Classroom Management Strategies Employed by Teachers in Secondary Schools in Kingston and St. Andrew, Jamaica

Authors: Mark Anthony Brown, Paul Andrew Bourne and Vincent MS Peterkin

Abstract: This study was conducted using quantitative method to evaluate the classroom management strategies employed by teachers in twenty secondary schools in Kingston and St Andrew, Jamaica. It has been a primary concern for teachers since there have been teachers in the classroom. A lack of classroom management affects both the teacher and the students. Studies show that some form of intervention makes a positive impact on teachers, students, and the whole school climate.


Research Article   |   10.36959/763/498 Volume 3 Issue 1

Reconstructing the Social Sciences and Humanities: Antenor Firmin, Western Intellectual Tradition, and Black Atlantic Thought and Culture

Authors: Paul C Mocombe

Abstract: In 1885, the nineteenth-century Haitian lawyer, statesman, anthropologist, and Egyptologist, Joseph Antenor Firmin (1850-1911), published his work, De l'egalite des races humanines (The Equality of the Human Races) as a rebuttal to Arthur de Gobineau's, "Essai sur l' inegalite des races (An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races). In this article I argue that Firmin's critique of western anthropology is not a vindication for afrocentrism as expressed in the works of afrocentric scholars like Molefi Kete Asante and others.


Review Article   |   10.36959/763/497 Volume 3 Issue 1

Loss of Skills during the Lower Palaeolithic Levant

Authors: Nira Alperson-Afil

Abstract: Locke's publication "An Essay Concerning Human Understanding" [1] may mark the first modern elaboration of the definition of the human mind as born without innate ideas so that any knowledge is determined only by experience: "Let us then suppose the mind to be, as we say, white paper, void of all characters, without any ideas; how comes it to be furnished? Whence comes it by that vast store, which the busy and boundless fancy of man has painted on it with an almost endless variety? Whence has it all the materials of reason and knowledge? To this I answer, in one word, from EXPERIENCE; in that all our knowledge is founded, and from that it ultimately derives itself".


Review Article   |   10.36959/763/496 Volume 3 Issue 1

Care of the Self and Subjectivity in Precarious Neoliberal Societies

Authors: Brunella Casalini

Abstract: This paper aims at analyzing precarity as an existential condition that is structural and that permeates one's affective environment. The uncaring rules of contemporary public management and their competitive spirit produce a sense of widespread precarity. This paper explores the effects of this sense of precarity on subjectivities, specifically in relation to those operating in domains with a caring mission, such as social work or university education and research, where burnout, depression and exhaustion, due to trying to comply with new rules, often occurs.


Book Review Article   |   10.36959/763/495 Volume 3 Issue 1

Economy and Farm Management in Malaysia: Principles and Practices

Authors: Uqbah Iqbal

Abstract: Written by Mohd. Ghazali Mohayidin and Habibah Rohany, the writing of this book focuses on the systematic use of plantation management systems, especially on matters relating to storing records such as balance sheets, income statements to facilitate those involved with farm management to make an analysis of the profits or efficiency of farm management that during this is ignored. Each reader of this book is either a student at a higher education center, an agricultural officer, an expansion agent, an estate manager or a farmer who owns small plantations individually or in groups is expected to benefit from this book.


Opinion   |   10.36959/763/494 Volume 3 Issue 1

Africa Game Changer: AfCFTA Broaden African Existing Partnership

Authors: Ehizuelen Michael Mitchell Omoruyi

Abstract: The African Union agreed in January 2012 to develop the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). It took eight rounds of negotiations, beginning in 2015 and lasting until December 2017, to reach an agreement. This is a historic pact which has been almost four decades in the making, and it represents a major progress for African integration and unity. The AfCFTA was signed by 44 African nations in Kigali on March 21, 2018, under the theme: "Creating one African Market.


November 23, 2018   |   10.36959/763/493 Volume 2 Issue 2

'Designing Innovation in the Creativity Perspective'

Authors: Uqbah Iqbal

Abstract: Written by Mohd. Azhar Abd. Hamid, Mohd. Koharuddin Balwi and Muhamed Fauzi Othman, nanotechnology is an experiment that uses atoms or individual molecules as a very small machine component, and measured using nanometers. In other words, nanotechnology is a material and system science along with structures and components that feature physical, chemical and biological repairs. It is in nano-scale scale (1-100 nm). Nanotechnology research in the 1990s focused on testing molecular structure and refining atoms using a scanning copy microscope.


Research Article   |   10.36959/763/492 Volume 2 Issue 2

Street Life Safety: A Study on Risk Perceptions and Experiences of Violence in School Adolescents in the Valencian Community (Spain)

Authors: Petra Ma Perez Alonso-Geta and Ma Carmen Bellver Moreno

Abstract: The aim of our research is to know statistically prevalence and types of aggressive behaviour against school, but in public spaces (on the way from home to school/college, and college/school to home), while there is own voice to the school (victims and perpetrators) with what we understand we study the problem from a new perspective.


Review Article   |   10.36959/763/491 Volume 2 Issue 2

Breaking Taboos: Menstruation, Female Subordination and Reproductive Health, the Case of India

Authors: Richa Karki and Cristina Espinosa

Abstract: This paper aims to overcome a culture of silence and shame that persists not only within traditional communities but among development professionals, by showing how traditional cultural views and practices that are derogatory towards menstruation are not only a violation of human rights that perpetuates women subordination but also a serious development problem that needs to be addressed.


Review Article   |   10.36959/763/490 Volume 2 Issue 1

Coffee Drinking and Sociability From Domestic Kitchen to Public fora History of Coffee Consumption in Costa Rica from 1840 to 1940

Authors: Elena Qleibo

Abstract: Anthropologists have been interested for many years on the study of food and eating. Through studies of foods we, the author of the review also an anthropologist, have been able to bring to light social and cultural processes, particular cultural meaning as well as the understanding of economic and political dynamics. Vega chooses to present the relevance of coffee in the development of the Costa Ricans' creation of their symbolic identity by showing how coffee from early years after its being planted there integrates family and later on social life.


Research Article   |   10.36959/763/489 Volume 2 Issue 1

Management of Interpersonal Conflict between Principals and Teachers in Selected Secondary Schools in Bermuda

Authors: Devon Crossfield and Paul Andrew Bourne

Abstract: This quantitative study was designed to identify and manage factors contributing to interpersonal conflicts between principals and teachers in Secondary Schools in Bermuda. The study also explores the effects of interpersonal conflict on student achievement and on school success, and suggests conflict management strategies and measures that can be adopted to enhance and maintain positive and productive interpersonal relationships between principals and teachers.


Short Note   |   10.36959/763/488 Volume 2 Issue 1

The Uncommon Insights of Fiction and Anthropology: A Personal Note

Authors: Ruth Finnegan

Abstract: Moving from an initial position of rejection of, or at least scepticism about, the sense of bringing together fiction and anthropology, the author, consonant with (by now well known) developments in the history of anthropology, recounts how for a number of reasons she unexpectedly changed her mind. She uses a case study from her own writing and experience to illustrate the relevance, insights, complexities and still-difficult issues of the relationship, taking us to the heart of anthropological theory.


Review Article   |   10.36959/763/487 Volume 2 Issue 1

A Comparative Study of the World's Most Dangerous Cities: Violence as the Ultimate Public Heath Challenge

Authors: Ming Yin and Carol Camp Yeakey

Abstract: With the pace of rapid urbanization, people not only live in cities, but in increasingly larger cities, resulting in major changes in daily living and public health conditions. Nation states have made enormous strides in their efforts to improve their population's health conditions, from prenatal care and immunization to hospital care, extending life spans previously thought unimaginable.


Research Article   |   10.36959/763/486 Volume 2 Issue 1

Students' Perception of Curbing Deviant Behaviours in Jamaican Secondary Schools: An Assessment of the Corrective Measures Used in Behaviour Modifications by School Personnel

Authors: Paul Andrew Bourne, Charlene Lee Sharpe, Vincent MS Peterkin, Ikhalfani Solan and Dadria Lewis

Abstract: Social deviance continues to be a challenge in our world, including Caribbean societies. Some people feel that such behaviours should be tackled by corporal punishment, and this is primarily a product that is taken from their socialization. But, there is an issue that we still have not resolved which is rooted in the questions; does violence begets violence? and what are the dynamics of employing those measures in our educational institutions? Within the Jamaican educational space, school personnel in some secondary schools continue this ancient belief that the way to address deviant behaviours is still through corporal punishment.


Research Article   |   10.36959/763/485 Volume 1 Issue 1

Death as a Process: Early Postmortem Changes Observed in the Agonal Stage of Terminal Patients

Authors: Mireia Montes Torrent, Sandra Antequera Muñoz, Cristina Lorenzo Torroella and Joe Adserias-Garriga

Abstract: Agony can be defined as the preciding stage to death, in those situations where life is gradually extinguished. So that, agony is characterized by the cese of the vital functions.


Commentary   |   10.36959/763/484 Volume 1 Issue 1

Dialogue between an Upstart Social-Scientist and a Senior One, in Early-2000s

Authors: Sinan Çaya

Abstract: This article contains texts extracted from the correspondence between an enthusiastic, newly-degreed sociologist, and an elderly one. In the past, the enthusiastic-sociologist was an engineering student, and as such, he used to underestimate the social sciences.


Review Article   |   10.36959/763/483 Volume 1 Issue 1

The Beginning of the Genus Homo: The Concept of Species as an Influential Factor for Result

Authors: Santiago Guimaraes

Abstract: The beginning of the genus Homo is not easy to be characterized, because its fossil remains are few and often quite fragmented. In addition, the recent discoveries relating to this topic, provided from Eastern and South Africa, and Dmanisi in Georgia has brought more debate because are founded on different explanatory views.


Review Article   |   10.36959/763/482 Volume 1 Issue 1

Acmeological Research Based on Personal History

Authors: NA Pakshina and MV Pravdina

Abstract: The paper deals with one of the urgent and complex problems, namely the importance for personnel departments and recruiting agencies to use the achievements of acmeology in the sphere of professional activity.


Review Article   |   10.36959/763/481 Volume 1 Issue 1

Enhanced Learning Technologies in 3D Modelling. Learning and Gamification Qualitative Assessment

Authors: David Fonseca, Sergi Villagrasa and Emiliano Labrador

Abstract: Enhanced learning technologies (TEL), including augmented and immersive virtual reality environments, achieve a new way of assessing the subjects of 3D modelling. In the case of Multimedia or Architecture studies, these options allow professionals and students to explain their proposal more fully to the final users.


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