Archives of Sports Medicine

 ISSN: 2578-6334

Archives of Sports Medicine Archives

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Review Article   |   Volume 3 Issue 2

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Risk Factors for Lateral Ankle Sprain: A Literature Review

Authors: Miguel Angelo de Castro Correia and Joao Torres

Abstract: Ankle sprain can injure the medial ligaments, lateral ligaments, or the syndesmotic tibio-fibular joint. Respectively, these injuries are referred as medial, lateral or high ankle sprains. Lateral ankle sprains are more common, and athlete's are at a significantly higher risk of sustaining one. This review will focus primarily on lateral ankle sprains, which from now on, will be referred only as ankle sprains.

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Review Article   |   10.36959/987/246 Volume 3 Issue 2

Tibial Spine Avulsion Fractures in Adult: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Actuality

Authors: A Zaizi, A El Bahraouy, N Bensiamar, I Aissa, J Boukhris, B Chafry, D Benchebba, S Bouabid and M Boussouga

Abstract: Tibial spine fractures are rare lesions which usually occur in adolescent but rare in adults it leads to discontinuity of anterior cruciate ligament. It has been the subject of several publications concerning its anatomopathological presentation and its treatment. The Meyers and Mac Keever classification, modified by Zaricznyj, are the most used and allowed to classify the lesions into 4 types.

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Research Notes   |   10.36959/987/245 Volume 3 Issue 2

The Current Landscape of Unused Women's College Golf Scholarships

Authors: Brendan Ryan

Abstract: Scrolling down, readers will notice that many of the articles cite the NCCA 2009 article that claims that over 200 of the approximately 1800 female scholarships available went unused. This stat has become an anthem for sports writers, as well as dubious businesses which hope to use the power of framing to enroll girls and their families into paid scholarship advising services.

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COMMENTARY   |   10.36959/987/244 Volume 3 Issue 2

Youth Sport Coaching and the Importance of Maintaining Participation: Why Evidence Must Underpin Notions of Performance, Talent, and Development

Authors: Philippe Crisp

Abstract: There are numerous benefits attached to the idea of lifelong physical activity. Because of this, various governmental and sports organisations seek to promote positive behaviours and potential health aspirations through the use of sport. This critical commentary seeks to highlight some of the issues that surround this topic, most notably the lack of suitable training or understanding for many of the practitioners who deliver youth sport (coaches and teachers).

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Original Article   |   10.36959/987/243 Volume 3 Issue 1

A Radiological Method of Predicting Clinical Outcomes in PCL Reconstruction

Authors: Deborah Miao'en Huang, Mohammed Tauheed and Denny Lie Tijauw Tjoen

Abstract: 37 patients who had undergone PCL reconstruction between 2009 and 2014 were included. A standard follow-up was performed for at least two years and consisted of pre- and post-op Lysholm scores. Lateral knee radiographs were studied and the measurements of the tibial Plateau to tibial Tunnel Length (PTL) and superior tip of Fibula to tibial Tunnel Length (FTL) were collected. A correlation was then derived and illustrated via scatter plots.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/242 Volume 3 Issue 1

Current Evidence on Superior Capsular Reconstruction

Authors: Luisa Pinto and Joao Torres

Abstract: Massive irreparable rotator cuff tears remain one of the most challenging pathologies in shoulder surgery to treat, especially in the younger active patients. Although several treatment options exist, none provides superior long-term results. Over the last few years, a promising technique has emerged-the Superior Capsular Reconstruction (SCR). This technique reinforces the superior capsule to keep the humeral head centered within the glenoid.

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Case Report   |   10.36959/987/241 Volume 3 Issue 1

Traumatic Atlanto-Axial Rotary Subluxation (AARS) in a 6-Year-Old Child during Recreational Judo Practice: A Case Report and Mini-Review of Serious Neck Injuries in Judo

Authors: Carl De Cree

Abstract: A 6-year-old Caucasian girl with approximately 1 year of recreational jūdō experience presented with neck and shoulder pain while holding her head in a "Cock-robin" sideways tilted position. During a children's jūdō class while seated on "all fours" she had been subjected to an improperly executed turnover performed by a boy of similar age, body mass and experience. Because of increasing torticollis symptoms after class she was taken by her parents to a local hospital's emergency department where X-rays showed a mid-clavicular fracture. It was not until 7 weeks post-accident that a CT scan was ordered and a type-III traumatic acute AARS causing her clinical symptoms was recognized.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/240 Volume 3 Issue 1

Inter-Observer Reliability of Physical Examination in the Painful Shoulder: Supraspinatus Tendinopathy

Authors: Jose Manuel Moreno-Fernandez, Francisco Martinez-Martinez and Fernando Santonja-Medina

Abstract: Our hypothesis is that there is enough concordance in the implementation and interpretation of the orthopaedic maneuvers by expert explorers. The aim of our study was to analyze the inter-observer reliability of special orthopaedic maneuvers aimed at the physical examination of the supraspinatus tendon.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/239 Volume 2 Issue 2

Sensing Devices to Aid Coaches and Sports Training of People with Motor and Intellectual Limitations

Authors: Lucas Vacilotto Bonfati, Caroline Peixoto Santos, Leticia Eloy Smaniotto, Jose Jair Alves Mendes Jr, Leandro Martinez Vargas, and Sergio Luiz Stevan Jr

Abstract: There is a growing development of systems using IoT involving the training and monitoring of people with special needs. These sensing techniques are important to guarantee the correct analysis of the information. Also, these systems aim to provide parameters for the coach while tests and activities are performed by the selected individuals, whether these people are athletes, a person doing a rehabilitation program or a group with special needs.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/238 Volume 2 Issue 2

An Exercise in Happiness: Physical Activity Choices and Psychological Wellbeing in Post-Partum Mothers

Authors: Gemma L Witcomb and Zoe Harding

Abstract: Depression in the post-partum period affects a substantial number of mothers and can have serious consequences for quality of life and parenting. It is therefore imperative that the factors that can protect against and provide resilience to parental depression are identified. Exercise and physical activity has previously been found to be effective in decreasing symptoms of depression however the efficacy of exercise as an intervention is still unclear.

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Editorial Article   |   10.36959/987/237 Volume 2 Issue 1

Osteoporosis: A Major Problem - Worldwide

Authors: Ulku Akarirmak

Abstract: Osteoporosis is characterized by reduced bone mass and deterioration in bone architecture, resulting in decreased bone strength, increased bone fragility and fracture risk. Fragility fractures are associated with acute and chronic pain, morbidity, deformity, disability and increased mortality for patients. This also means major costs to society.

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Mini Review   |   10.36959/987/236 Volume 2 Issue 1

Blood Flow Restriction (BFR) Therapy in Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

Authors: Michael A Fitzgerald and Wade Rankin

Abstract: Blood flow restriction (BFR) therapy has emerged as a novel approach to improve outcomes in musculoskeletal rehabilitation. It was previously thought that heavy-load therapy at 60-70% of one's maximum effort (1RM) was the primary way to increase strength and improve function. However, current evidence suggests that venous occlusion proximal to a muscle body may confer the same results with low-load therapy at 20-30% of 1RM.

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Review Article   |   10.36959/987/235 Volume 2 Issue 1

Pre-Season Training Affects Negatively the Immunological Parameters and Creatine Kinase but not Power Performance in Young Soccer Players

Authors: Eduardo Henrique Frazilli Pascoal, Juliano Henrique Borges, Clovis Alberto Franciscon, Luiz Andrade, Leandro Mateus Pagoto Spigolon and Joao Paulo Borin

Abstract: The training content, volume and intensity are determinants on the training load understand, since it can lead to a chronic fatigue status that affect biochemical, immunological and performance variables. This study aimed to evaluate changes in the creatine kinase (CK) activity, white blood cells subpopulations and lower-limb power performance of U19 soccer players in accordance of the training content during pre-season period.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/234 Volume 2 Issue 1

Cardiac Remodeling Profile in High-Level Women Soccer Players: A Preliminary Study

Authors: Nadhir Hammami, Khaled Sayahi, Amal Salhi, Amal Ben Youssef, Latifa Yahyaoui, Wajih Ben Saïd and Anissa Bouassida

Abstract: The cardiac remodeling is variable according to the type of sport, which makes difficult the appreciation of what amounts to cardiac adaptation compared to what amounts to the pathological; this is the case for the soccer player who is subjected to variable isometric and isotonic constraints.

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RESEARCH ARTICLE   |   10.36959/987/233 Volume 1 Issue 2

Traumatic Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Rupture from Muaythai Kickboxing: A Case Report

Authors: Stephen J Strotmeyer and Keelan Enseki

Abstract: A 30-year-old female Muaythai boxer presented with a 48 hour history of instability and acute pain in her right knee after hearing a "pop". There was no prior history of trauma. On the previous day, she had been training in Muaythai, specifically, clinching and knee-sparring, a common activity as part of fighter training.

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RESEARCH ARTICLE   |   10.36959/987/232 Volume 1 Issue 2

A Pilot Study: The Acute Effects of a Novel Kinetic Chain Weight-Supported Resistance Training Technique

Authors: Thomas G Palmer and Michael Del Re

Abstract: Kinetic Chain Resistance Training (KCRT) has been used to promote gains in muscular strength. The Finisher® is a gravity-modified resistance devises which offers weight-supported kinetic chain stimuli.

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RESEARCH ARTICLE   |   10.36959/987/231 Volume 1 Issue 2

Effect of High-Intensity and Concurrent Training in Body Composition in Overweight and Obese Women Institutional Revision

Authors: Jorge Cervantes Sanabria and Jessenia Hernández Elizondo

Abstract: This study was designed to determine the changes in body composition, Body Weight (BW), Fat Mass (FM), Body Fat Percentage (BF%) and, Skeletal Muscle Mass (SMM) of High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) and Concurrent Training (CT), comparing them to a Control Group (CG) for four months of intervention in overweight and obese women.

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RESEARCH ARTICLE   |   10.36959/987/230 Volume 1 Issue 2

Validation of a Physical Activity Monitor as an Estimation of Energy Expenditure During a Circuit-Style Workout with Females who are Overweight or Obese

Authors: Lauren Killen, Jenn Caputo, John Coons, Vaughn Barry and Dana Fuller

Abstract: Overweight and obese females, N = 40, 20-59 years of age, completed a pre-recorded circuit-style exercise session DVD consisting of eight exercises. An SWA and portable metabolic analyzer were worn by each participant throughout the exercise session to measure energy expenditure.

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REVIEW AND META ANALYSIS   |   10.36959/987/229 Volume 1 Issue 2

The Long-Term Effects of Sport-related Concussions on Cognition in Interscholastic and Collegiate Athletes: A Meta-analysis of Cross-Sectional Studies

Authors: Lauren C Scott, Frazer Atkinson and Neha P Gothe

Abstract: Over the past twenty years researchers have conducted cross sectional and longitudinal studies to examine how concussions could impact cognitive functions. Previous meta-analysis exploring the effect of a sport-related concussion on cognition lacked matched control groups and only assessed short-term effects ranging 7-14 days.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/228 Volume 1 Issue 2

Perceived Exertion is Lower in Running than Walking at the Same Heart Rate and Lactate Level

Authors: Makoto Sakamoto, Magdalena Jackowska and Hiroaki Tanaka

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine perceived effort at various intensities in human walking and running. Fifteen male subjects participated in this study.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/227 Volume 1 Issue 1

Ecological Momentary Intervention via Text Message Reminders for Collegiate Female Athletes at Risk for the Female Athlete Triad

Authors: Jennifer Day, Heidi Wengreen, Vladimir Kulyukin and Vikas Reddy

Abstract: Female athletes are at an increased risk of developing the female athlete triad, which is associated with negative consequences to the performance and health of the athlete.

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/226 Volume 1 Issue 1

The Decision to Play Hurt: Contextual Moderators of Non-Stakeholders' Perceptions of Athletes

Authors: Britton W Brewer, Albert J Petitpas and Judy L Van Raalte

Abstract: This study examined how an athlete's decision to play (or not to play) hurt and the situational context in which the decision was made affected how the athlete was perceived by individuals without a vested interest in the athlete playing with an injury.

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Review Article   |   10.36959/987/225 Volume 1 Issue 1

Physiological Adaptations of Apnea-Conditioned Athletes and their Implications for Synchronized Swimmers' Performance

Authors: Sylvia Konstantinidou and Chrysoula Chairopoulou

Abstract: Apneas form an essential tool for training in aquatics including swimming, fin swimming and synchronized swimming (SS). We examine the direct responses and the long-term physiological adaptations to acute apnea and apnea training respectively in order to determine their potential impact on SS athletes' performance.

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RESEARCH ARTICLE   |   10.36959/987/224 Volume 1 Issue 1

Fractionized Walking at Self-Selected Paces in Women

Authors: Henry Williford, Melvenia Redding, Michael Esco, Erin Reilly, Cornell Foo, George Schaefer, Deanne Allegro and Brett Nickerson

Abstract: Walking is the most popular form of physical activity and often used to meet physical activity guidelines. Six in 10 adults report that they walk at least 10 minutes per week. Walking is a low cost, low injury mode of physical activity.

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Review Article   |   10.36959/987/223 Volume 1 Issue 1

Exercise Associated Muscle Cramps - A Current Perspective

Authors: Jun Qiu and Jie Kang

Abstract: Exercise-associated muscle cramps (EAMC) are a common condition experienced by recreational and competitive athletes and often require medical attention during or immediately after sports events. Despite the high prevalence of this condition, the etiology of EAMC remains poorly understood, and there is a lack of high levels of evidence to guide the management of this condition.

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Editorial   |   10.36959/987/222 Volume 1 Issue 1

Change of Direction Tasks: Does the Eccentric Muscle Contraction Really Matter?

Authors: Helmi Chaabene

Abstract: The capacity to quickly change direction while sprinting, known also under the term cutting or else change of direction ability (COD), is paramount for many sporting disciplines and particularly for team sports (e.g., soccer, handball, basketball, etc…). In fact, COD is one of the main agility components that defines movement where no immediate response to a stimulus is needed.

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Journal Details
  1. Journal: Archives of Sports Medicine
  2. ISSN: 2578-6334
  3. ISO abbreviation: Arch Sports Med
  4. Other Title: ASPM
  5. Pub Type: Open Access