Archives of Sports Medicine

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Case Report   |   10.36959/446/385 Volume 5 Issue 1

Xeroderma Pigmentosum: A Defying Problem

Authors: António Gentil Martins, MD
Three patients with xeroderma pigmentosum are presented, stressing the need for prevention (trying to avoid exposure to irradiation and namely to sun light), showing the benefits of rotation dermabras... Read more

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Original Article   |   10.36959/987/264 Volume 5 Issue 1

Relation Between Repetitive Head Traumas and Academic Performance of Non-Concussed High School Athletes: A Comparison of High And Low Contact Sports

Authors: William T Tsushima, Vincent G Tsushima and Nathan M Murata
To assess the relation of repeated subconcussive head traumas and the academic performance and neuropsychological functioning of non-concussed high school athletes participating in high and low levels... Read more

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Original Article   |   10.36959/987/263 Volume 5 Issue 1

Injuries Among Adolescent Water Polo Players: Demographics, Evaluation, and Management

Authors: Matthew J Orringer, BA and Nirav K Pandya, MD
The combination of swimming, throwing, and physical contact in water polo places players at risk for a range of injuries. Prior research has demonstrated high rates of head and shoulder injuries among... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/262 Volume 5 Issue 1

Acute Influence of Leg Press Exercise on Hamstring Muscles Functional Stress

Authors: José Ricardo Claudino Ribeiro, Lincoln Eugênio Tocafundo, André Luiz Silva Moutinho, Anderson Pontes Morales, Felipe Sampaio Jorge and Beatriz Gonçalves Ribeiro
Four different situations of the stress of the previous hamstring muscles were induced by the combination of the LP, Knee Flexor (KF), Stiff (ST) and Elbow Flexion (EF) exercises, to measure the level... Read more

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Original Article   |   10.36959/987/261 Volume 5 Issue 1

Kinematic Models For Pitch Location Metrics in Professional Baseball Pitchers

Authors: Joseph E Manzi, BS, Spencer Krichevsky, MS, Nicholas Roberts, MPH, Ryan C Rauck, MD and Joshua S Dines, MD
Consistency and accuracy in pitch location is paramount for professional baseball pitchers, however, the contribution of individual kinematic parameters is poorly understood. Professional baseball pit... Read more

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Commentary   |   10.36959/987/260 Volume 4 Issue 2

COVID-19 and Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids (AAS) as Immunosuppresors: Is it Time to Revisit Government Policy and Governance Arrangements on AAS?

Authors: Philippe Crisp and Jamie Sims
Over the last year, governmental responses to the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) crisis have generated significant attention and deliberation in terms of public services, the experience and lessons le... Read more

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Original Research   |   10.36959/987/259 Volume 4 Issue 2

Preference in Floor Type Among Dutch Elite Male Handball Players: The Role of Different Floor Characteristics

Authors: Thom PMJ Vluggen, MD, Simone E Heijnen, MD, Martijn GM Schotanus, PhD, Rian AJ Dekker, MSc, Bart GCJ Wijers and Edwin JP Jansen, MD, PhD
This study assessed the preference for indoor floor types among Dutch male elite handball players: Area- vs. point elastic floors. Secondly, to compare floor characteristics between area elastic and p... Read more

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Original Research   |   10.36959/987/258 Volume 4 Issue 2

Four Weeks of Omega-3 Supplementation does not Improve Cycling Time Trial Performance in Trained Cyclists

Authors: Lynsey S James, Alex J Wadley, Boakye Gyimah, David J Hunter, Tomos G Rosser, James C Reynolds, Sarabjit S Mastana and Martin R Lindley
This study examined whether omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) supplementation lowered the heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and oxygen uptake (V̇O2) and accordingly impr... Read more

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Original Research   |   10.36959/987/257 Volume 4 Issue 2

Sex Differences in Multidirectional Neck Muscle Strength Characteristics in High School Soccer Athletes

Authors: Takashi Nagai, Eric M Crowley, Ethan D Manuell, Nathaniel A Bates, Michael J Stuart and Nathan D Schilaty
Weaker neck strength has been suggested as a potential risk factor of sport related concussion in female soccer athletes. The purpose of this study was to examine sex differences in neck muscle streng... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/256 Volume 4 Issue 2

Aquaporin-1 and Endurance Performance: An Update

Authors: Miguel A Rivera and Thomas D Fahey
A recent systematic review depicted studies reporting the association between the AQP1 rs1049305 (C > G) genotype and endurance (42.2 and 10 km) running performance, body fluid loss in long-distance r... Read more

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Original Research   |   10.36959/987/255 Volume 4 Issue 2

Sex Differences in Ventilation amongst Athletes Undergoing EVH Challenge Testing for Exercise-Induced Bronchoconstriction

Authors: Nilam Akhtar Khan, Martin R Lindley and Sarabjit S Mastana
We aimed to report sex differences in ventilation during EVH challenge in University athletes while exploring whether they achieve inspiratory target. Seventy-seven athletes (n = 42 males, n = 35 fema... Read more

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Original Article   |   10.36959/987/254 Volume 4 Issue 2

Metabolic Biomarkers in Young Soccer Players during a Competitive Season

Authors: Rafael Guilherme Fornel, Eike Bianchi Kohama, Carlos Eduardo Martinelli Junior and Hugo Tourinho Filho
Modern soccer has undergone various transformations and in recent decades there has been an increase in the number of competitive matches over the course of a season. Some teams compete in regional, n... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/987/253 Volume 4 Issue 2

Cardiac Dysrhythmia Presenting as Possible Seizures Consequent to Concussion- Heart over Head

Authors: Roy G Beran, Raymond W Sy and Bassam Moses
A 30-year-old elite professional footballer was diagnosed with post-concussive epilepsy. Following neurological evaluation he was found to have cardiac dysrhythmia, rather than epilepsy, causing cogni... Read more

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Original Article   |   10.36959/987/252 Volume 4 Issue 1

Eight Weeks Sit-Up versus Isometric Abdominal Training: Effects on Abdominal Muscles Strength Capacity

Authors: Christoph Anders, Franz Ludwig, Florian Sänger and Martin Marks
The importance of abdominal muscles to achieve and maintain adequate mobility and stability of the trunk has long been underestimated. We therefore examined different abdominal muscles training modali... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/987/249 Volume 4 Issue 1

Rapid and Successful Rehabilitation and Return to Play for a Division 1 Gymnast after Treatment for Recalcitrant Lateral Epicondylosis with Ultrasound Guided Percutaneous Tenotomy

Authors: Bryant Walrod
We present a novel case of an 18-year-old Division 1 college gymnast with recalcitrant lateral elbow pain. His symptoms were refractory to conservative care including NSAIDS, bracing and formal rehabi... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/251 Volume 4 Issue 1

Can IGF-I be used as a Metabolic Biomarker in Professional Volleyball Players during a Training Season?

Authors: Marcel Frezza Pisa, Enrico Fuini Puggina, Eike Bianchi Kohama, Marilia Roque Mansur, Rodrigo Custodio, Carlos Eduardo Martinelli Jr and Hugo Tourinho Filho
The aim of this study was to investigate the kinetics of serum IGF-I and IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-3 on volleyball athletes during a training season and their relation to the performance in physical... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/250 Volume 4 Issue 1

A Survey of Preparation, Strategy and the Effect of Exercise in an Extreme Cold Environment in a Group of Experienced Marathon Runners

Authors: Boyce SH, Ross D, Scott DL and Murray AD
Running in extreme environments is becoming more accessible with increasing numbers of participants. This has led to increasing heterogeneity in the physical condition and previous experience of these... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/248 Volume 4 Issue 1

Volleyball Injuries: Brazilian Men's National Squad Sports Medicine Experience

Authors: Ney Coutinho Pecegueiro do Amaral, Marco Martins Lages, Felipe Malzac Franco, Felipe Serrão Mendes de Souza, Matheus Cardoso dos Santos, Aridone Borgonovo and Vinícius Soares Santos
Our purpose is a descriptive epidemiology study of the most common injuries in high performance volleyball practice. All players were evaluated by our multidisciplinary staff of the Medical Department... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/987/247 Volume 3 Issue 2

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Risk Factors for Lateral Ankle Sprain: A Literature Review

Authors: Miguel Angelo de Castro Correia and Joao Torres
Ankle sprain can injure the medial ligaments, lateral ligaments, or the syndesmotic tibio-fibular joint. Respectively, these injuries are referred as medial, lateral or high ankle sprains. Lateral ... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/987/246 Volume 3 Issue 2

Tibial Spine Avulsion Fractures in Adult: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Actuality

Authors: A Zaizi, A El Bahraouy, N Bensiamar, I Aissa, J Boukhris, B Chafry, D Benchebba, S Bouabid and M Boussouga
Tibial spine fractures are rare lesions which usually occur in adolescent but rare in adults it leads to discontinuity of anterior cruciate ligament. It has been the subject of several publications c... Read more

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Research Notes   |   10.36959/987/245 Volume 3 Issue 2

The Current Landscape of Unused Women's College Golf Scholarships

Authors: Brendan Ryan
Scrolling down, readers will notice that many of the articles cite the NCCA 2009 article that claims that over 200 of the approximately 1800 female scholarships available went unused. This stat has be... Read more

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COMMENTARY   |   10.36959/987/244 Volume 3 Issue 2

Youth Sport Coaching and the Importance of Maintaining Participation: Why Evidence Must Underpin Notions of Performance, Talent, and Development

Authors: Philippe Crisp
There are numerous benefits attached to the idea of lifelong physical activity. Because of this, various governmental and sports organisations seek to promote positive behaviours and potential health ... Read more

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Original Article   |   10.36959/987/243 Volume 3 Issue 1

A Radiological Method of Predicting Clinical Outcomes in PCL Reconstruction

Authors: Deborah Miao'en Huang, Mohammed Tauheed and Denny Lie Tijauw Tjoen
37 patients who had undergone PCL reconstruction between 2009 and 2014 were included. A standard follow-up was performed for at least two years and consisted of pre- and post-op Lysholm scores. Latera... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/242 Volume 3 Issue 1

Current Evidence on Superior Capsular Reconstruction

Authors: Luisa Pinto and Joao Torres
Massive irreparable rotator cuff tears remain one of the most challenging pathologies in shoulder surgery to treat, especially in the younger active patients. Although several treatment options exist,... Read more

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Case Report   |   10.36959/987/241 Volume 3 Issue 1

Traumatic Atlanto-Axial Rotary Subluxation (AARS) in a 6-Year-Old Child during Recreational Judo Practice: A Case Report and Mini-Review of Serious Neck Injuries in Judo

Authors: Carl De Cree
A 6-year-old Caucasian girl with approximately 1 year of recreational jūdō experience presented with neck and shoulder pain while holding her head in a "Cock-robin" sideways tilted position. During ... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/240 Volume 3 Issue 1

Inter-Observer Reliability of Physical Examination in the Painful Shoulder: Supraspinatus Tendinopathy

Authors: Jose Manuel Moreno-Fernandez, Francisco Martinez-Martinez and Fernando Santonja-Medina
Our hypothesis is that there is enough concordance in the implementation and interpretation of the orthopaedic maneuvers by expert explorers. The aim of our study was to analyze the inter-observer rel... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/239 Volume 2 Issue 2

Sensing Devices to Aid Coaches and Sports Training of People with Motor and Intellectual Limitations

Authors: Lucas Vacilotto Bonfati, Caroline Peixoto Santos, Leticia Eloy Smaniotto, Jose Jair Alves Mendes Jr, Leandro Martinez Vargas, and Sergio Luiz Stevan Jr
There is a growing development of systems using IoT involving the training and monitoring of people with special needs. These sensing techniques are important to guarantee the correct analysis of the ... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/238 Volume 2 Issue 2

An Exercise in Happiness: Physical Activity Choices and Psychological Wellbeing in Post-Partum Mothers

Authors: Gemma L Witcomb and Zoe Harding
Depression in the post-partum period affects a substantial number of mothers and can have serious consequences for quality of life and parenting. It is therefore imperative that the factors that can p... Read more

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Editorial Article   |   10.36959/987/237 Volume 2 Issue 1

Osteoporosis: A Major Problem - Worldwide

Authors: Ulku Akarirmak
Osteoporosis is characterized by reduced bone mass and deterioration in bone architecture, resulting in decreased bone strength, increased bone fragility and fracture risk. Fragility fractures are ass... Read more

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Mini Review   |   10.36959/987/236 Volume 2 Issue 1

Blood Flow Restriction (BFR) Therapy in Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

Authors: Michael A Fitzgerald and Wade Rankin
Blood flow restriction (BFR) therapy has emerged as a novel approach to improve outcomes in musculoskeletal rehabilitation. It was previously thought that heavy-load therapy at 60-70% of one's maximum... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/987/235 Volume 2 Issue 1

Pre-Season Training Affects Negatively the Immunological Parameters and Creatine Kinase but not Power Performance in Young Soccer Players

Authors: Eduardo Henrique Frazilli Pascoal, Juliano Henrique Borges, Clovis Alberto Franciscon, Luiz Andrade, Leandro Mateus Pagoto Spigolon and Joao Paulo Borin
The training content, volume and intensity are determinants on the training load understand, since it can lead to a chronic fatigue status that affect biochemical, immunological and performance variab... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/234 Volume 2 Issue 1

Cardiac Remodeling Profile in High-Level Women Soccer Players: A Preliminary Study

Authors: Nadhir Hammami, Khaled Sayahi, Amal Salhi, Amal Ben Youssef, Latifa Yahyaoui, Wajih Ben Saïd and Anissa Bouassida
The cardiac remodeling is variable according to the type of sport, which makes difficult the appreciation of what amounts to cardiac adaptation compared to what amounts to the pathological; this is th... Read more

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RESEARCH ARTICLE   |   10.36959/987/233 Volume 1 Issue 2

Traumatic Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Rupture from Muaythai Kickboxing: A Case Report

Authors: Stephen J Strotmeyer and Keelan Enseki
A 30-year-old female Muaythai boxer presented with a 48 hour history of instability and acute pain in her right knee after hearing a "pop". There was no prior history of trauma. On the previous day, s... Read more

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RESEARCH ARTICLE   |   10.36959/987/232 Volume 1 Issue 2

A Pilot Study: The Acute Effects of a Novel Kinetic Chain Weight-Supported Resistance Training Technique

Authors: Thomas G Palmer and Michael Del Re
Kinetic Chain Resistance Training (KCRT) has been used to promote gains in muscular strength. The Finisher® is a gravity-modified resistance devises which offers weight-supported kinetic chain stimul... Read more

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RESEARCH ARTICLE   |   10.36959/987/231 Volume 1 Issue 2

Effect of High-Intensity and Concurrent Training in Body Composition in Overweight and Obese Women Institutional Revision

Authors: Jorge Cervantes Sanabria and Jessenia Hernández Elizondo
This study was designed to determine the changes in body composition, Body Weight (BW), Fat Mass (FM), Body Fat Percentage (BF%) and, Skeletal Muscle Mass (SMM) of High Intensity Interval Training (HI... Read more

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RESEARCH ARTICLE   |   10.36959/987/230 Volume 1 Issue 2

Validation of a Physical Activity Monitor as an Estimation of Energy Expenditure During a Circuit-Style Workout with Females who are Overweight or Obese

Authors: Lauren Killen, Jenn Caputo, John Coons, Vaughn Barry and Dana Fuller
Overweight and obese females, N = 40, 20-59 years of age, completed a pre-recorded circuit-style exercise session DVD consisting of eight exercises. An SWA and portable metabolic analyzer were worn by... Read more

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REVIEW AND META ANALYSIS   |   10.36959/987/229 Volume 1 Issue 2

The Long-Term Effects of Sport-related Concussions on Cognition in Interscholastic and Collegiate Athletes: A Meta-analysis of Cross-Sectional Studies

Authors: Lauren C Scott, Frazer Atkinson and Neha P Gothe
Over the past twenty years researchers have conducted cross sectional and longitudinal studies to examine how concussions could impact cognitive functions. Previous meta-analysis exploring the effect ... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/228 Volume 1 Issue 2

Perceived Exertion is Lower in Running than Walking at the Same Heart Rate and Lactate Level

Authors: Makoto Sakamoto, Magdalena Jackowska and Hiroaki Tanaka
The purpose of this study was to examine perceived effort at various intensities in human walking and running. Fifteen male subjects participated in this study.... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/227 Volume 1 Issue 1

Ecological Momentary Intervention via Text Message Reminders for Collegiate Female Athletes at Risk for the Female Athlete Triad

Authors: Jennifer Day, Heidi Wengreen, Vladimir Kulyukin and Vikas Reddy
Female athletes are at an increased risk of developing the female athlete triad, which is associated with negative consequences to the performance and health of the athlete.... Read more

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Research Article   |   10.36959/987/226 Volume 1 Issue 1

The Decision to Play Hurt: Contextual Moderators of Non-Stakeholders' Perceptions of Athletes

Authors: Britton W Brewer, Albert J Petitpas and Judy L Van Raalte
This study examined how an athlete's decision to play (or not to play) hurt and the situational context in which the decision was made affected how the athlete was perceived by individuals without a v... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/987/225 Volume 1 Issue 1

Physiological Adaptations of Apnea-Conditioned Athletes and their Implications for Synchronized Swimmers' Performance

Authors: Sylvia Konstantinidou and Chrysoula Chairopoulou
Apneas form an essential tool for training in aquatics including swimming, fin swimming and synchronized swimming (SS). We examine the direct responses and the long-term physiological adaptations to a... Read more

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RESEARCH ARTICLE   |   10.36959/987/224 Volume 1 Issue 1

Fractionized Walking at Self-Selected Paces in Women

Authors: Henry Williford, Melvenia Redding, Michael Esco, Erin Reilly, Cornell Foo, George Schaefer, Deanne Allegro and Brett Nickerson
Walking is the most popular form of physical activity and often used to meet physical activity guidelines. Six in 10 adults report that they walk at least 10 minutes per week. Walking is a low cost, l... Read more

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Review Article   |   10.36959/987/223 Volume 1 Issue 1

Exercise Associated Muscle Cramps - A Current Perspective

Authors: Jun Qiu and Jie Kang
Exercise-associated muscle cramps (EAMC) are a common condition experienced by recreational and competitive athletes and often require medical attention during or immediately after sports events. Desp... Read more

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Editorial   |   10.36959/987/222 Volume 1 Issue 1

Change of Direction Tasks: Does the Eccentric Muscle Contraction Really Matter?

Authors: Helmi Chaabene
The capacity to quickly change direction while sprinting, known also under the term cutting or else change of direction ability (COD), is paramount for many sporting disciplines and particularly for t... Read more

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