Research Article

Risk Comprehension at a Minority-Majority Urban Academic Institution

There is a growing shift toward the promotion of shared decision making in clinical practice. Currently, medical risk is often communicated to patient... Read more


Review Article

Reasons to Avoid Pain Scales in Newborns, and Reasons to Use Them

Aim of this paper is a critical examination of the use of neonatal pain assessment tools. It emerged that neonatal pain scales for acute pain are comp... Read more


Review Article

An Integrated Brain Function

The aim of this paper is to provide sheaf theoretic formulations of the functions of a brain based on the theory of temporal topos, which is often abb... Read more


Review Article

Variability: External Data, Internal Apprehension, or a Balance between Them? A Mathematical Argument and Some Upshots

This paper addresses how one apprehends variability. Statistics does provide estimators like variance and standard error. After a recall of usual form... Read more


Case Study

Pseudoprogression in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Brain Metastases Attributable to the Anti-PD-1 Antibody Nivolumab

Pseudoprogression is a challenging obstacle in the interpretation of therapeutic response to radiation and chemotherapies for metastatic brain lesions... Read more



Colitis from an Artist's Prospective

It is widely understood that art expresses human experience to an audience. The viewer is provided with a unique form of insight when art is created b... Read more


Original Article

Hepatitis C Virus Infection and the Risk of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases in Azadi Teaching Hospital, Duhok, Kurdistan

Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection might act as a triggering factor for inflammation in the lungs, hence, either initiating or exacerbating the develop... Read more


Case Report

Tumor Lysis Syndrome in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Treated with the Oral Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Imatinib: A Case Report

Tumor lysis syndrome in hematological malignancy is more common than in solid tumors. Little literature has been published on tumor lysis syndrome in ... Read more


Clinical Image

Duodenal-Type Follicular Lymphoma Mimic Follicular Hyperplasia

A 56-year-old Japanese woman with no notable medical history was admitted to our clinic because of abnormal changes in upper gastrointestinal series f... Read more


Clinical Image

Bedside Lung Ultrasonography in the Assessment of the Postoperative Atelectasis

Postoperative atelectasis may complicate the progress of patients after major abdominal surgery. Lung ultrasonography plays a key role in the diagnosi... Read more