Review Article

Chemical and Physiological Change from Calcium Carbonate to Calcium Phosphate in Skeletal Structures

The substrates that comprise skeletal structures have evolved over more than 480 million years. We review chemical and physiological factors that may ... Read more


Case Report

Sudden Anterior Tibial Tubercle Avulsion Fracture

Acute avulsion fractures of the Anterior Tibial Tubercle are uncommon and affect the growth physis. We present a preadolescent boy with sudden pain, a... Read more


Review Article

Changing New Normal Lifestyle in COVID-19 Pandemic: Sabah, Malaysia

The second wave of the Covid-19 infection in Malaysia during the 2nd week of March which was due to a mass religious gathering involving ov... Read more


Review Article

Emerging Infectious Diseases at the Clinic-Clinical Lab-Research Lab Interface

Emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases have been a constant companion of medicine since its onset. In this commentary, we will discuss the multi... Read more


Short Review

Integrated Behavioral Health Model for COVID-19 Patients

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted health outcomes for noncommunicable diseases (NCD's), lifestyle behaviors, psychiatric and substance use disorders ... Read more


Review Article

Laboratory Markers and Mortality in Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with high mortality. Many laboratory values have been suggested to predict patients at risk fo... Read more


Review Article

Covid-19 Treatment: A Narrative Review of the Research and Evidence Thus Far

The emergence of the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus has led to an unprecedented global pandemic with a high degree of morbidity and mortality. Treatment regim... Read more


Research Article

Predictors of Postoperative Hypocalcemia after Total Thyroidectomy: The Role of a Single Intraoperative Rapid PTH

Postoperative hypocalcemia (PoHC) is the most common complication of total thyroidectomy (TT). The availability of a reliable predictor of PoHC would ... Read more


Research Article

A Comprehensive Analysis of the Effect of Histological Subtypes on the Survival Probability of Kidney Carcinoma Patients: A Hypertabastic Survival Analysis

The purpose of this study is two-fold. First, to find out whether the histological subtypes can serve as an independent prognostic factor for kidney c... Read more


Case Report

Conus Medullaris Syndrome due to Ligamentum Flavum Thickening and Intervertebral Disc Bulging

A 72-year-old male with past medical history of common chronic illness presented to a rehabilitation clinic with a chief complaint of trouble walking ... Read more