Review Article

Reasons to Avoid Pain Scales in Newborns, and Reasons to Use Them

Aim of this paper is a critical examination of the use of neonatal pain assessment tools. It emerged that neonatal pain scales for acute pain are comp... Read more

10.36959/377/318

Review Article

An Integrated Brain Function

The aim of this paper is to provide sheaf theoretic formulations of the functions of a brain based on the theory of temporal topos, which is often abb... Read more

10.36959/447/339

Review Article

Variability: External Data, Internal Apprehension, or a Balance between Them? A Mathematical Argument and Some Upshots

This paper addresses how one apprehends variability. Statistics does provide estimators like variance and standard error. After a recall of usual form... Read more

10.36959/447/338

Case Study

Pseudoprogression in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Brain Metastases Attributable to the Anti-PD-1 Antibody Nivolumab

Pseudoprogression is a challenging obstacle in the interpretation of therapeutic response to radiation and chemotherapies for metastatic brain lesions... Read more

10.36959/825/574

Prospective

Colitis from an Artist's Prospective

It is widely understood that art expresses human experience to an audience. The viewer is provided with a unique form of insight when art is created b... Read more

10.36959/621/590

Original Article

Hepatitis C Virus Infection and the Risk of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases in Azadi Teaching Hospital, Duhok, Kurdistan

Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection might act as a triggering factor for inflammation in the lungs, hence, either initiating or exacerbating the develop... Read more

10.36959/719/558

Case Report

Tumor Lysis Syndrome in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Treated with the Oral Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Imatinib: A Case Report

Tumor lysis syndrome in hematological malignancy is more common than in solid tumors. Little literature has been published on tumor lysis syndrome in ... Read more

10.36959/621/589

Clinical Image

Duodenal-Type Follicular Lymphoma Mimic Follicular Hyperplasia

A 56-year-old Japanese woman with no notable medical history was admitted to our clinic because of abnormal changes in upper gastrointestinal series f... Read more

10.36959/621/588

Clinical Image

Bedside Lung Ultrasonography in the Assessment of the Postoperative Atelectasis

Postoperative atelectasis may complicate the progress of patients after major abdominal surgery. Lung ultrasonography plays a key role in the diagnosi... Read more

10.36959/592/378

Case Report

The Unusual Presentation of Acute Appendicitis in Pregnancy

Acute appendicitis is the most common non-obstetric surgical emergency during pregnancy, and can be difficult to identify due to its unusual and incon... Read more

10.36959/592/377