Annals of Public Health Reports

 ISSN: 2642-4924

Annals of Public Health Reports

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Table of Content: Volume 5, Issue 1

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Review Article Pages 201-206

Experience and Lessons of Tuberculosis Prevention and Control During COVID-19 Pandemic in Clinic

Authors: Jianqin Liang, Huiru An, Jin Zhou, Zhi Chen, and Wenping Gong

Abstract: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) are respiratory infectious diseases spread by droplets. It is difficult to distinguish COVID-19 and PTB by their clinical symptoms and radiographic features. PTB prevention and treatment have become challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic. Here in, as long-term frontline health care workers (HCWs) in the TB department, we have summed up the following experience and lessons from a large

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Review Article Pages 193-200

Alma Ata Declaration and Malaria Prevention: Ten Years Narrative Review of landmark Achievement on Use of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNS) Among Pregnant Mothers and Children Under Five in Nigeria

Authors: Odoko JO, Nwose EU, Nwajei SD, Agege EA, Moyegbone JE, Akuirene OA and Igumbor EO

Abstract: Malaria epidemiology in Nigeria is still at a concerning rate. Health promotion is fundamental in primary healthcare (PHC) and one of the components is the prevention of endemic diseases, which include the use of insecticide treated nets (ITNs), provided free and Roll Back Malaria (RBM) programs. The objective of this study is to narratively review the ten years landmark achievement of Alma-Ata declaration on the use of ITNs among pregnant

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Review Article Pages 179-192

The Four Critical Links of SARS-CoV-2 in Latin America and the Caribbean: Challenges for Health from the South

Authors: Gonzalo Basile

Abstract: Based on a review of the country experiences and the critical documentary analysis of contents, policies and actions, this paper characterizes the critical links in the response to the public health emergency of SARS-CoV-2 with comprehensive, reproducible claims, unique, monocultural and universal applied both to the State and to Latin American and Caribbean societies. Four links are analyzed and describe

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Original Article Pages 172-178

Two Week Rule Compliance: Assessing General Practice Use of the ‘Two Week Rule’ Referral Pathway for the Suspicion of Colorectal Cancer

Authors: Khurram Shahzad Khan, Alexander Grayston, Simon Denley, James Saldanha and Arijit Mukherjee

Abstract: The ‘Two-Week-Rule’ (TWR) for referring patients with a suspicion of colorectal cancer (CRC) was implemented in 2000 to improve CRC survival rates. Guidelines exist to assist general practitioners (GPs) identify patients based on high-risk symptomology. Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of these guidelines, to determine whether a correlation exists between individual criteria within the guidelines and CRC, and to assess GP compliance of guidelines in referring symptomatic patients.

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Review Article Pages 170-171

Public Health Perspectives as the COVID-19 Vaccines Enter Production and Distribution Phases

Authors: Rabiu Momoh and Mohammed Rahman

Abstract: If the vaccines achieve the desired effect of protecting vulnerable and frontline workers, and maybe the general world population from this infection, then a lot would stand to be gained in returning the world to the normalcy of a pre-COVID-19 era, where business and international travels were in full swing. Relationships that were constrained or restrained between individuals, groups, businesses, communities, or nations will be reconsidered. We may be able to markedly reduce this virus's infection rate and its accompanying death toll and, maybe soon, we can eradicate this virus as was achieved with the smallpox virus.

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Case Report Pages 166-169

Homeopathic Intervention in Health Workers with COVID-19: Case Study

Authors: Leila Verônica da Costa Albuquerque, Sued Magalhães Moita, Fernanda Ingrid Oliveira Ramos, Laura Pinho Schwermann and Gislei Frota Aragão

Abstract: The article brings two cases, both of health workers subject to multiple psychological stresses during the pandemic, diagnosed with COVID-19 and submitted to homeopathic therapy in the context of uncertainties surrounding therapies directed at SARS-CoV-2.

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Review Article Pages 160-165

Absence of Evidence or Evidence of Absence - A Review of the Evidence for Hydroxychloroquine as a Potential Candidate for Prophylaxis against COVID-19

Authors: Cara Usher, Lea Trela-Larsen, Emer Fogarty, Aisling O'Leary, Stephen Capper, Ellen P. O'Sullivan, Caitriona NiChoitir, Cathal Walsh, Michael Barry and Roisin Adams

Abstract: Clinical trials are investigating several agents as potential options for pre-exposure prophylaxis and post-exposure prophylaxis to prevent infection with COVID-19. A particular focus has been high risk groups including healthcare workers. Chloroquine (CQ) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) are the predominant agents in terms of numbers of clinical trials listed on However, CQ/HCQ have not been proven as an effective treatment option for COVID-19,

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Research Article Pages 152-159

Screening of Chronic Kidney Disease in Primary Health: Comparison of the Urine Dipstick Albumin-to-Creatinine Ratio and Dipstick Proteinuria

Authors: Eun-Hee Nah, MD, Seon Cho, MS, Suyoung Kim, MS and Han-Ik Cho, MD

Abstract: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) needs to be detected early in order to prevent a poor outcome in the general population. A semiquantitative evaluation based on a dipstick has become available to detect the urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) and proteinuria simultaneously in spot urine samples. The aim of this study was to compare dipstick ACR with proteinuria for CKD screening in a primary healthcare setting.

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Review Article Pages 146-151

Changing New Normal Lifestyle in COVID-19 Pandemic: Sabah, Malaysia

Authors: Mei Ching Lim, Syed Sharizman Bin Syed Abdul Rahim, Mohammad Saffree Jeffree, Nelbon Bin Giloi and Naing Oo Tha

Abstract: The second wave of the Covid-19 infection in Malaysia during the 2nd week of March which was due to a mass religious gathering involving over 10,000 people from South East Asian countries in a confined area where a lot of close contacts took place, was the turning point for Malaysia when positive cases rocketed as a consequence of sporadic cases of transmission within local community all over Malaysia

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Review Article Pages 142-145

Emerging Infectious Diseases at the Clinic-Clinical Lab-Research Lab Interface

Authors: Nicole Anastasio, Evangeline Green, Samuel Pettit and Meghan May

Abstract: Emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases have been a constant companion of medicine since its onset. In this commentary, we will discuss the multiple manifestations of disease emergence, mechanisms by which novel pathogens or strains emerge, and the practical implications for physicians as they apply to diagnostic, treatment, and control strategies.

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