Archives of Community Medicine


  Jong In Kim
  Wonkwang University, South Korea

Archives of Community Medicine

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Table of Content: Volume 4, Issue 1

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Research Article Pages 59-63

Comparing Operationalized Approaches for Substantial Reduction of Functioning in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis

Authors: Elzbieta Wiedbusch and Leonard A Jason

Abstract: A core criterion for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) is a substantial reduction in functioning from pre-illness levels. Despite its ubiquity in diagnostic criteria, there is considerable debate regarding how to measure this domain. The current study assesses five distinct methods for measuring substantial reductions. The analysis used an international, aggregated dataset of patients (N = 2,368) and controls (N=359) to compare the

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Research Article Pages 51-58

Jamaican’s Decisions on COVID-19 vaccination: A National Cross-Sectional Empirical Survey

Authors: Paul Andrew Bourne, Keisha-gay Bailey Glave, Akelia Rankine-Barrett, Shenae Nicholson, Abbey-Gaye White, James Fallah, Calvin Campbell, Clifton Foster, Caroline McLean, Dian Russell Parkes and Tabitha Muchee

Abstract: COVID-19 is a dangerous disease caused by a virus discovered in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. World Health Organization WHO (2021), postulated that safe and effective vaccines are an important tool, in combination with other measures, to protect people against COVID-19. People decide to get a COVID-19 vaccine for a variety of reasons. Some people are skeptical or hesitant to get the vaccine. But many people are having a change of heart and deciding to get a vaccine (Weis, 2021).

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Research Article Pages 45-50

Screening and Referral for High Risk Pregnancies Among Primary Health Care Workers in Rural Communities in Abia State, Nigeria

Authors: Nduka Ijeoma

Abstract: Screening for conditions like hypertension, diabetes mellitus and anaemia during antenatal reduces the chances of complications in pregnancy. Health systems in Nigeria are structured such that cases that cannot be managed in a lower health facility are referred to higher hospitals with more expertise and equipment. This study was conducted to determine the screening and referral patterns of high risk pregnancies among health workers in rural communities in Abia state, Nigeria.

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Research Article Pages 40-44

Impact of COVID-19 on Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) from March 2020 to February 2021 in Bronx, NY

Authors: Neda Motamedi, MD, Sasidhar Gunturu, MD, Ellen Tabor, MD, Louisa Chen, NP and Alexis Acevedo, LMHC, CASAC

Abstract: Patients with serious mental illnesses (SMI) have higher rates of metabolic illnesses, cardiovascular and respiratory disease, as well as social deficiencies such as poor housing, and limited support systems. This makes them vulnerable to relapses, symptom exacerbations, and a wide range of negative health and psychosocial outcomes especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, having appropriate strategies to address their needs and adequate

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Case Report Pages 36-39

Transition of a Community Outreach Program to Virtual Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Authors: Michael G Fitzsimons, MD, Ana Acosta, MD, Kelly Tankard, MD, Michael Onwugbufor, MD and Asishana Osho, MD

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic curtailed nearly all in-person educational activities and forced institutions to transition to hybrid or full virtual learning via on-line venues. Our Division of Cardiac Anesthesia has participated in a community outreach initiative through the Youth Scholars Program since 2013. The cardiac anesthesia component has involved an in-person cadaveric dissection of porcine heart and lungs led by faculty anesthesiologists and fellows in adult cardiothoracic

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Original Research Pages 30-33

One-Year Surveillance of Surgical Site Infections at a Tertiary Care Surgical Center in Egypt

Authors: Mohammed Elshaer, Eman El-Sayed and Noha El-Mashad

Abstract: The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of surgical site infections at Mansoura Gastrointestinal Surgical Center amongst patients undergoing colonic, pancreatic and rectal surgery, also to determine bacteriological profile and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of obtained isolates.

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Commentary Pages 34-35

Immunization Under Threat During Lebanon’s Economic Collapse: A Call for Building on the Lebanese Public System To Avert Yet Another Looming Crisis

Authors: Randa Hamadeh, Ola Kdouh, Rawan Hammoud and Jennifer Leaning

Abstract: Lebanon has been dealing with protracted crises and consecutive existential shocks for decades. Most recently, the triple blow of a severe economic crisis, the Beirut Port Explosion and a global pandemic has wreaked havoc across the country that had already been burdened by the Syrian refugee crisis. In under two years, the Lebanese Lira lost 90% of its value with dire consequences on the availability of basic services and supplies. The crippling effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have only exacerbated the crisis, placing the healthcare system under extreme stress and hampering imports of medical supplies and essential vaccines. The complex result is a severe shortage of essential vaccines in the private sector and a marked reduction in demand for immunizations on the part of the population.

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