Table 1: Fungi contamination of stored maize in Kenya.

Year Region/Areas Fungal species Isolated Mycotoxin Mycotoxicosis Reference (s)
2001 Western Region Fusarium verticillioides, F. graminearum, and F. Subglutina Fumonisin - Alakonya, et al. 2009 [12]
Aspergillus flavus Aflatoxin -
2002 Western Region Fusarium verticillioides, F. graminearum, and F. Subglutina Fumonisin - Alakonya, et al. 2009 [12]
Aspergillus flavus Aflatoxin -
2003 Central Region Aspergillus flavus Aflatoxin Aflatoxicosis Onsongo, et al. 2004 [13]
2004 Eastern and Central Kenya Aspergillus flavus Aflatoxin Aflatoxicosis Lewis, et al. 2005. [14]
2005 Eastern and Coastal region A. flavus S, A. flavus L Aflatoxin Aflatoxicosis Probst, et al. 2010 [15]
2006 Coastal region Eastern region A. flavus L Aflatoxin Aflatoxicosis Probst, et al. 2010 [15]
2007 Eastern region, Rift valley region A. flavus, A. niger, A. terreus, A. versicolor, Fusarium, Penicillium Aflatoxin Aflatoxicosis Muthomi, et al. 2009 [16] Neyole, et al. 2008 [17]
2008 Eastern region A. flavus, A. niger, A. terreus, A. versicolor, Fusarium, Penicillium Aflatoxin Aflatoxicosis Muthomi, et al. 2009 [16]
2009 Eastern region A. flavus, A. niger, A. terreus, A. versicolor, Fusarium, Penicillium Aflatoxin Aflatoxicosis Muthomi, et al. 2009 [16]
Western region, Rift valley region, Nyanza Aspergillus sp Aflatoxin - Mutiga, et al. 2015 [18]
Fusarium spp Fumonisin -
2010 Eastern region, Coastal region Aspergillus spp, Fusarium spp, Penicillium spp, Aflatoxin Aflatoxicosis Gathogo, 2010 [19] Nyaga, 2010 [20] Okoth, et al. 2012 [21]
Rift valley region Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus Aflatoxin - Okoth et al. 2012 [21] Muthomi, et al. 2010 [22]
2011 Eastern and South Western region Aspergilllus spp Aflatoxin - Mahuku, et al. 2019 [23]
2012 - - - - -
2013 Eastern region Aspergilus spp Aflatoxin Sheila, et al. 2017
2014 Eastern region Aspergillus flavus L strain, A flavus S A. parasiticus, Aflatoxin - Eliphus, 2014 [24]
Fusarium. Verticillioides, F. proliferatum and F. Oxysporum Fumonisin -
2015 Eastern region Aspergillus flavus strain L, A flavus, A niger, A. parasiticus Aflatoxin - Maina, et al. 2016 [25]