Table 2: Primary and revision implant type and surgical details.

Study (year)

Primary Femoral Implant (N)

Revision Surgical Approach

Osteotomy length (range, cm)

Femoral Bone Defects (Paprosky)

Time to 2nd stage (weeks)

% ETO Reopened in Stage 2

Revision Femoral Implant (N)

ETO Fixation Second Stage

Fink and Oremek [24]

Cemented (30)

Uncemented (46)

Posterior

18.9 (13-30.9)

Type 1: 7
Type 2: 29
Type 3A: 29
Type 3B: 9
Type 4: 2

--

100%

Modular, cementless

Cerclage wires

Levin, et al. [15]

Cemented (12)

Cementless (11)

Posterior

12.5 (8-17)

Type 2: 12
Type 3A: 5
Type 3B: 2
Type 4: 4

14.3

52%

 

Fully porous (18)
Cemented (2)
Cementless (3)

Cerclage wires

Lim, et al. [12]

Cemented (6)

Cementless (17)

Posterior

14.0 (11-22)

--

18

0%

Cementless

Cerclage wires

Morshed, et al. [26]

Cemented (8)

Cementless (5)

Posterior

--

--

8.9

*

Distally porous, cementless

Figure-of-8 cable with supplemental diaphyseal cables

Petrie, et al. [13]

--

Posterior

--

Type 1: 56
Type 2: 23
Type 3A: 12
Type 3B: 1
Type 4: 1

Unknown: 4

18.9

--

Standard cemented (70)
Long-stem cemented (15)

Long-stem cementless (17)

Cerclage wires

Shi, et al. [28]

Cemented (33)

Cementless (15)

Posterior

13.0 (10-16)

--

46.4

17%

Porous-coated, cementless, diaphyseal engaging nonmodular

Cerclage wires

Total
 (N, %)

Cemented (89, 49%)

Cementless (94, 51%)

Posterior

15.7**

Type 1: 63
Type 2: 64
Type 3A: 46
Type 3B: 12
Type 4: 7

24.0**

96 (56%)

Cemented (87, 31%)
Cementless (198, 69%)

Cerclage wires (272, 95%)
Cables (13, 5%)

*ETO was secured with fascial repair only between stage 1 and stage 2 revision; **Weighted average