Table 4: Putting it all together.

Cognition Cognitive flexibility Adherence Interventions
Above average Good Very good. Standard care.
Above average Limited Fair. Likely to ignore treatment plan if it does not
meet his/her wishes. May have narcissistic traits.
Short term interventions. Follow-up appointments to discuss concerns within days or weeks.
Provide advice that can be experienced as attentive to their needs.
Average Good Good, with support from others. Give visual or easy to read information about illness and treatment.
Average Limited (due to isolated deficits in cognition that lead to
frequent misunderstanding of information)
Fair, due to executive function and social cognition deficits. Involve significant others and family when possible.
Make use of reminders by staff sending texts or emails every few days.
Learning weakness Below average Limited (due to deficits in social cognition) Poor will require significant support from others with better cognitive abilities. Use short term interventions and repeat back of information.
Follow-up with reminders of treatment recommendations by staff sending texts or emails every few days.
Intellectual disability Limited Limited and will need significant support. Will need responsible parties with good cognition and cognitive flexibility.