Table 1: Material property for the liquid fuel (kerosene) and the composite material.

Property

Kerosene

Composite material

Conductivity, k (W/m.K)

0.17

0.515

Density, ρ (kg/m3)

750

1625

Heat capacity, Cp (kJ/kg.K)

2.45

2.015

Pyrolysis heat, Lv (kJ/kg)

256

9800

Combustion heat, Hc (kJ/kg)

44000

21000

Boiling temperature, TB (C)

216

-

Ignition temperature, TIgn (C)

-

390

Surface emissivity, εs

1

0.9